I'm struggling with understanding some things about CPTs and and could do with some help. I can see that taxonomies often need to be hierarchical, but can't see how/when a custom post type would be?

i.e I have a CPT called 'projects'. There is a taxonomy registered for this posttype called 'fields'. Under 'fields' I have lots of sub-items like:

 - 'Documentaries'
 - 'Documentaries' > 'Self Commisions'
 - 'Documentaries' > 'Classic'
 - 'Corporate'
 - 'Corporate' > 'Digital Marketing'
 - etc...

So to view a project in 'Documentaries' > 'Classic' I use this URL:

This is where I actually have about 30 questions :) but will just ask the two most pressing:

 1. Why and how would the 'projects' CPT ever be hierarchical?
 2. Is it possible to view items in the 'classic' field like so: mydomain.com/project/classic (mydomain.com/project shows all items, but drilling any further breaks it)

Any and all help appreciated, I've spent about 3 hours playing with this and reading and can't get my head around it!


Below is my (cropped) code for reference:

    function register_cpt_projects() {
    $labels = array(
        'name' => _x('Projects', 'projects'),
        // all other labels etc..

    $args = array(
        'labels' => $labels,
        'hierarchical' => true,
        'supports' => array('title', 'editor', 'author', 'thumbnail'),
        'taxonomies' => array('field'),
        'public' => true,
        'show_ui' => true,
        'show_in_menu' => true,
        'show_in_nav_menus' => true,
        'publicly_queryable' => true,
        'exclude_from_search' => false,
        'has_archive' => true,
        'query_var' => true,
        'can_export' => true,
        'rewrite' => true,
        'capability_type' => 'post'
    register_post_type('projects', $args);
    add_action('init', 'register_cpt_projects');
    function create_projects_tax(){
        register_taxonomy('field', 'projects', array(
           'hierarchical' => true,
           'label' => 'Fields'
    add_action('init', 'create_projects_tax');