Questions tagged [theme-development]

Themes create the public (front-end) interface for a WordPress site.

86
votes
6answers
14k views

Where to put my code: plugin or functions.php?

Is there an easy to understand scheme to decide what kind of code belongs to a plugin or the theme’s functions.php? There are many cases and many debates about that topic, mostly because there are ...
102
votes
4answers
94k views

Menu items description? Custom Walker for wp_nav_menu()

Normal Wordpress Menu looks like: Home | Blog | About us | Contact But I've seen many pages with descriptions under these links: Home Page | Our Blogs | About us | Contact ...
68
votes
4answers
31k views

What is the preferred way to add custom javascript files to the site?

I've already added my scripts, but I wanted to know the preferred way. I just put a <script> tag directly in the header.php of my template. Is there a preferred method of inserting external or ...
15
votes
6answers
10k views

How to include jQuery and JavaScript files correctly?

I'm doing it right now with the following code: function uw_load_scripts() { // De-register the built in jQuery wp_deregister_script('jquery'); // Register the CDN version ...
23
votes
2answers
5k views

Does the functions.php file ever get called during an AJAX call? Debug AJAX

Trying to figure out an issue a fellow programmer is having. I was wondering if the functions.php file get called at all when you do admin side AJAX? I know that when you do an AJAX call a part of ...
69
votes
27answers
11k views

Software for WordPress Theme and Plugin Development? [closed]

What software do you use for your WordPress related needs? Please state your OS. On windows XP I use: filezilla (FTP) notepad++ (for reading of PHP / CSS files) firebug (a firefox extension to ...
12
votes
2answers
4k views

How can I add a URL field to the attachments window?

For example... add_action('init', 'reg_tax'); function reg_tax() { register_taxonomy_for_object_type('category', 'attachment'); } Adds a "Category" input field to the media manager and ...
31
votes
1answer
6k views

Worthwhile to restrict direct access of theme files?

I've run across the following snippet in themes from time to time: if ( ! defined('ABSPATH')) exit('restricted access'); It's at the beginning of some (all?) PHP files in a theme and it's supposed ...
14
votes
5answers
13k views

Theme Activate Hook

I would like to write a function to email me the URL of the website when my theme is activated. What is the hook initiated when the theme is activated?
5
votes
2answers
17k views

Proper use of Output Buffer

I'm attempting to use actions to override function calls I currently have throughout a template (to make updating certain replicated sections easier). For example, in archives.php I have the following:...
19
votes
1answer
5k views

What is the advantage of using wp_mail?

What is the advantage of using wp_mail() over mail(). Codex says they're similar, but they seem to be very similar.
48
votes
6answers
9k views

framework for plugin/theme options panel? [closed]

I found that the longest part of a plugin or theme development is creating the options panel, at least in my case. So i like to know what's your take on that. Do you use a ready made framework or ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

How to use logout function on custom menu link?

All I am using wordpress custom menu, and there is one menu as Logout. I know wordpress Logout function <?php echo wp_logout_url(); ?> But how can i use it in custom menu ?
69
votes
3answers
22k views

Autoloading & Namespaces in WordPress Plugins & Themes: Can it Work?

Has anyone used autoloading and/or PHP namespaces within a plugin or theme? Thoughts on using them? Any harm? Pitfalls? Note: namespaces are PHP 5.3+ only. Assume, for this question, that you know ...
63
votes
3answers
41k views

When to use is_home() vs is_front_page()?

I've found that is_front_page appears to return true when I'm viewing the home page and have a single sticky post assigned there. It also returns true when I've assigned a page as the static front ...
23
votes
2answers
13k views

How to show a custom meta box on the “Quick Edit” screen?

I've used add_meta_box() to add a custom meta box to the WordPress edit window on both pages and posts. How can I make this meta box also show on the "Quick Edit" screen? Ideally, I'd like it to ...
10
votes
1answer
5k views

Enqueue a stylesheet for login page and make it appear in head element

I try to style the login page in my theme. Very simple: add_action( 'login_enqueue_scripts', function() { wp_enqueue_style( 'TEST', get_template_directory_uri() . '/css/login.css' ); }); ...
14
votes
4answers
7k views

Should Plugin Folders Include a Blank index.php File?

WordPress itself, in the wp-content folder, includes an empty PHP file which looks like this. <?php // Silence is golden. ?> Should plugins include an empty file like this as well to stop ...
4
votes
4answers
4k views

Automatic Updates For Private And Commercial Themes?

Is there any way to get wordpress to check for, download private theme updates? I found this plugin for private plugin updates.... http://w-shadow.com/blog/2010/09/02/automatic-updates-for-any-...
2
votes
2answers
370 views

Guidance with The Loop for CMS

Maybe I'm going about this the wrong way but this is my scenario... I would like to use WordPress as a CMS rather than a blogging platform. I have a website that will have somewhere between 25-50 ...
11
votes
2answers
10k views

How to store widget fields data as an array?

I am creating a widget, it needs to store about 10 IDs. Right now I'm using following field method to store each of the ID in a separate field. It stores data of each field in a separately in the ...
10
votes
5answers
24k views

Get the first image from post content (eg.: hotlinked images)

I am using this code directly from the codex. function echo_first_image ($postID) { $args = array( 'numberposts' => 1, 'order'=> 'ASC', 'post_mime_type' =>...
15
votes
3answers
20k views

How to Link External jQuery/Javascript files with WordPress

So I'm using Starkers to base my next WP theme on and I've run into a small issue, I was including my own version of jQuery in the header.php file but when inspecting my site using Firebug I noticed ...
23
votes
4answers
11k views

Why does WordPress use outdated jQuery v1.12.4?

While checking the source code, I saw that WordPress uses jQuery v1.12.4. Why does WordPress use this outdated version of jQuery?
13
votes
6answers
16k views

How do I remove a pre-existing customizer setting?

My theme doesn't use the tag line, how can I remove it from the customizer?
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Enqueue Stylesheets After Theme's “rtl.css”

I am currently developing a theme with internationalization support, and would like to load stylesheets after my theme's rtl.css (an alternative style.css loaded for languages with a right-to-left ...
4
votes
2answers
682 views

Adding items to page template dropdown on Page Edit Screen

I am developing a WP theme with MVC approach. It only have index.php, functions.php and styles.css on the parent directory. So, I do not want to place page templates on it rather then I want to ...
27
votes
5answers
7k views

How To extend WP_Customize_Control

I'm looking for a way to add a new kind of control to the customize live preview panel. I have seen how to add new sections to the panel using add_action( 'customize_register'... The control I want ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

How to add a checkbox element to attachments editor with example

The code below adds a custom input field to the attachments editor. How can I convert the text input to a checkbox and get/set the value of the checkbox on load and save? Note: "input" => "...
6
votes
2answers
18k views

Form to Add Posts to Custom Post Type

Basically I want to display a form on my blog (on a certain page) that will allow anyone to fill it out and it will create a post in a custom post type. I saw the answer once before but I can't find ...
9
votes
4answers
5k views

Do I actually need to link my theme's style.css in the theme files

So I am developing a wordpress theme using a series of LESS files for the CSS. These compile using codekit to a combined and minifed stylesheet that I use for the theme's styling. I understand a ...
24
votes
5answers
2k views

Why have <?php and ?> on every line

I've seen this convention pretty much everywhere, and, at times, it comes close to driving me nuts: <?php //The loop ?> <?php while ( have_posts() ) : the_post(); ?> <?php ...
7
votes
1answer
16k views

How do I cleanly override a plugin's CSS with a child theme?

I have taken it upon myself to adhere to WordPress conventions so I can have a clean, sexy child theme. However, I am unsure how to proceed on a certain issue. I would like to override the CSS for ...
5
votes
2answers
352 views

Best practice for including plugins as part of a theme?

I'm working on a theme that includes some functionality I've developed as separate plugins (as I'm hoping to release them independently). I'd like to include these plugins as part of the theme core ...
1
vote
1answer
143 views

Questions about WordPress.org theme review

I have created one theme. The theme was denied today for the following reasons: Theme Review: Themes should be reviewed using define('WP_DEBUG', true); in wp-config.php Themes should be ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Call dynamic_sidebar but include/exclude named widgets?

Is it possible to include or exclude specific named widgets that are assigned to a named dynamic_sidebar call? For example, if I've registered a sidebar named "my_sidebar" and the user had placed a "...
5
votes
3answers
5k views

How to move page templates to custom folder?

I created page templates that use the page slug, for example, page-contact.php, page-gallery.php etc. or page id, for example, page-2.php, page-11.php etc. How can I move these templates to a ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Creating Page Based on Category

I'm using WordPress 4.0, and the Hemingway theme. I've created a custom page template which currently pull blog posts based on the category I give it. However I'm currently using query_posts('...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

A two column loop with one lead post

I got a loop from internet (I forgot the site) for two column post view. It has a nice CSS for it too. But skipping that for the question now. <?php $counter = 1; ?> <?php ...
0
votes
1answer
141 views

Trouble with conditional tags

I've got some code I want to run on every page other than the blog page and the archive page. If I use <?php if ( !is_home() ) { ?> The code correctly doesn't show on the blog page. If I ...
7
votes
1answer
507 views

Is it ok to use a function to output the text domain name in a wordpress theme

I am working on a theme and I want to make it available for translating. I have not been including a text domain on translated text because I don't know what the text domain is going to be yet. I ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Custom attribute for the title tag with wp_title()

Can i add the itemprop to the title element and still use wp_head() and add_theme_support( "title-tag" )? I want to create a theme and get it approved on wordpres.org which uses microdata. The ...
37
votes
10answers
13k views

What process do you use for WordPress development? [closed]

I'm interested in how other people develop themes and plugins for WordPress. To me, the in-browser editor in the admin panel just doesn't cut it. Currently, I'm just using an IDE with a PHP plugin (...
31
votes
6answers
23k views

How to detect mobile devices and present them a specific theme?

I would like to create a new modified version of my theme (check my profile if needed) to present to visitors if I detect that they are visiting the site from a hand-held device, like iPhone, Android, ...
9
votes
2answers
28k views

When to use add_action('init') vs add_action('wp_enqueue_scripts')

In my theme's functions.php, I'm calling an add_action in order to gain a measure of control on where jquery is loaded (in the footer along with my theme's other scripts). The problem I'm having is ...
32
votes
2answers
22k views

What is the constant WP_USE_THEMES for?

Regarding the WP_USE_THEMES constant, the Codex states: If you are using The Loop inside your own design (and your own design is not a template), set WP_USE_THEMES to false. But what is the ...
10
votes
6answers
15k views

Adding a div to wrap widget content after the widget title

I'm trying to add a div to a widget's content in my dynamic sidebar. Here is the register code; register_sidebar(array( 'name' => "Sidebar1", 'id' => 'home-sidebar-1', '...
9
votes
3answers
5k views

CSS classes for theme

Does anybody know predefined (suggested by WP) CSS classes which should I use in my theme? I have seen somewhere in Internet a list of all CSS classes, which are used in WP theme, but can't find it. ...
17
votes
8answers
1k views

Where can I learn to create my own theme?

I want to learn how to create a theme for WordPress. Where can I find information and resources on how to do it?
10
votes
2answers
13k views

How to set permalink structure via functions.php

I'm setting up a Wordpress Network and wanted all new sites to have the same permalink structure (i.e. "/%year%/%monthnum%/%postname%/"). I'm wondering if this is possible to do via hooks or hacks in ...