Questions tagged [functions]

A function is a sequence of program instructions that perform a specific task. It is packaged as a unit that can be used wherever the according task should be performed.

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346 votes
108 answers

Best collection of code for your 'functions.php' file [closed]

As with many others who are now viewing this post, I have been reading various blogs, forums, and discussion groups to learn and improve my WordPress skills. Over the past 12 months I have been on a ...
95 votes
3 answers

Between functions.php (theme), widgets, and plugins, which is loaded first?

Customer asks if a specific carousel plugin he uses can be widgetized. That means I should create a widget inside functions.php which calls the plugin's function. That means that the plugin's code has ...
pixeline's user avatar
  • 2,857
90 votes
7 answers

What's the difference between home_url() and site_url()

My understanding is that site_url() returns the location where the WordPress core files are. If my blog is hosted at then site_url() returns But then ...
Praveen's user avatar
  • 1,025
86 votes
11 answers

Remove "Category:", "Tag:", "Author:" from the_archive_title

I have the following code in my theme's archive.php: <?php the_archive_title( '<h1 class="page-title">', '</h1>' ); ?> This gives me titles like "Category: Russia", "Tag: America", ...
Nick's user avatar
  • 963
80 votes
9 answers

How to include PHP files in plugins the correct way

My problem is when on the main plugin file I include a PHP file something like this: include(WP_PLUGIN_URL . '/wordpress-group-buying/ipn/paypal-ipn.php'); // or include_once(WP_PLUGIN_URL . '/...
Bainternet's user avatar
  • 67.6k
74 votes
3 answers

get_template_directory_uri pointing to parent theme not child theme

The problem I am having is that the get_template_directory_uri is pointing to the parent theme like site/wp-content/themes/twentythirteen/myGallery/gallery_functions_include.php but I want it to ...
Elroy Fernandes's user avatar
56 votes
5 answers

How can you check if you are in a particular page in the WP Admin section? For example how can I check if I am in the Users > Your Profile page?

I'm building a plugin and I want to add bits of javascript in the admin head but only for certain admin pages. I don't mean pages as in a WordPress page that you create yourself but rather existing ...
racl101's user avatar
  • 1,555
54 votes
5 answers

Get the blog page URL set in Options

I have set the blog to be a different page other than the home page. I want to have a link from single.php to this blog page. Is there any function that pulls out URL for the blog ?
Atif's user avatar
  • 1,088
50 votes
7 answers

How to customize the_archive_title()?

In my child theme's archive.php, I have the following code for displaying the title of my archive pages: <?php the_archive_title( '<h1 class="page-title">', '</h1>' ); ?&...
fildred13's user avatar
  • 603
50 votes
6 answers

Changing Admin Menu Labels

I have spent the last day using the functions.php file to fully customize WordPress for my client sites. I am amazed at how much I have been able to accomplish and how much easier it will make things ...
Adam's user avatar
  • 565
46 votes
4 answers

How to set and use global variables? Or why not to use them at all

UPDATE: My original question has been solved, but this is turning into a valid discussion about why not to use global variables, so I am updating the question to reflect that. The solution was <?...
JPollock's user avatar
  • 1,248
42 votes
3 answers

How come Featured Image isn't showing up in my Custom Post Type?

I have thumbnail support added with the following in my functions.php // Add Thumbnail Support add_theme_support('post-thumbnails'); set_post_thumbnail_size( 140, 140, true ); And I create the ...
Ryan's user avatar
  • 686
39 votes
11 answers

remove empty paragraphs from the_content?

Hey guys, I simply want to prevent the creation of empty paragraphs in my wordpress post. That happens quite often when trying to manually space content. I don't know why this doesn't take effect? /*...
mathiregister's user avatar
39 votes
1 answer

What is the "with_front" rewrite key?

I have the following line in a register_post_type function: 'rewrite' => array('slug' => 'Newsletters', 'with_front' => false), I understand what the line does in general (adds "newsletters"...
Greg Pettit's user avatar
36 votes
4 answers

Where do I put the code snippets I found here or somewhere else on the web?

Many posts here or somewhere else contain code, but they do not say where to put it. Example: I have found this post: How do I turn off 301 redirecting posts (not canonical)? I'm a newbie with PHP. ...
Carl's user avatar
  • 361
35 votes
5 answers

Why use if function_exists?

I noticed a lot of developers of WordPress themes would use this in functions.php if (function_exists('register_nav_menus')) { register_nav_menus (array('primary' => 'Header Navigation')); } ...
Greeso's user avatar
  • 2,166
33 votes
7 answers

wp_enqueue_script was called incorrectly

I don't know how but now I am getting this error : Notice: wp_enqueue_style was called incorrectly. Scripts and styles should not be registered or enqueued until the wp_enqueue_scripts, ...
raiden's user avatar
  • 339
32 votes
4 answers

Redeclare/Change Slug of a Plugin's Custom Post Type

Is it possible to redeclare/change the slug of a plugin's existing custom post type (without simply editing the plugin)? That is, if Plugin X creates a custom post type with the slug /uncookedtoast/, ...
Edbury's user avatar
  • 445
32 votes
2 answers

Add multiple custom fields to the general settings page

What I would like to do is to add a few custom fields to the general settings. This is the code that I'm using. It works alright but I just cant figure how to add more fields. I would like to create ...
Richard Mišenčík's user avatar
31 votes
1 answer

How to override parent functions in child themes?

I've been reading around and trying to figure out how to do this, but for some reason I can't seem to override parent functions in my child theme. I'm using TwentyTen as a parent - can anyone tell me ...
Osu's user avatar
  • 1,442
27 votes
4 answers

Disable plugin / plugin action via theme

I have installed the Google Analyticator plugin on my site. I am also using the MobilePress plugin to serve up a theme designed for non-smart-phone mobile browsers. I have set up Google Analytics for ...
PNMG's user avatar
  • 1,381
27 votes
4 answers

Manually set global $post vars with an ID, in order to use template tags

I have a function retrieving ID's of posts by very specific means. I need to be able to set the global $post in order to use functions like the_content(), which does not allow an ID as a parameter. ...
Mild Fuzz's user avatar
  • 4,180
26 votes
7 answers

Ajax call always returns 0

I have a problem with AJAX returning 0 always! I have done everything by the book and can't figure out what is wrong? Please help!! Here is my Ajax call: //Pass data through AJAX var ...
Kuka's user avatar
  • 277
25 votes
7 answers

How to run a function every 5 minutes?

I have a function to be run every 5 minutes. I've referred following from the codex: <?php wp_schedule_event(time(), 'hourly', 'my_schedule_hook', $args); ?> I want to run this function just ...
foolishcoder7721's user avatar
24 votes
2 answers

What’s the difference between esc_html, esc_attr, esc_html_e, and so on?

I got feedback from security guy and he pointed out that I should use proper escaping of user input in my code. So I've done some research and found escaping functions. What’s the difference between ...
baldrick's user avatar
  • 251
24 votes
4 answers

400 bad request on admin-ajax.php only using wp_enqueue_scripts action hook

I've been working on ajax lately. The tutorials you find on the net are all very similar and quite easy to implement. But I always get a bad request 400 on my ajax-admin.php file. After a long and ...
Sin's user avatar
  • 374
23 votes
6 answers

How do I remove UL on wp_nav_menu?

I search on this site and found many answers for this question. Most of them is not working on my theme. Here is a one solution I found and it's working according to my need. function ...
haha's user avatar
  • 839
22 votes
1 answer

Why does WordPress add 0 (zero) to an Ajax response?

Unless I end Ajax processing function by exit() or die(), the Ajax function receives desired and correct output but following by 0. Any idea why is that happening? Is that meant to be like that or ...
Radek's user avatar
  • 595
22 votes
4 answers

How long does a deprecated function live in core?

I'm curious to find out the process/philosophy behind removing deprecated functions from core. The Codex says this: These functions below have been deprecated. That means they have been replaced ...
Brian Fegter's user avatar
  • 9,948
22 votes
3 answers

Solution to render Shortcodes in Admin Editor

I have asked this question about a year ago and I am hoping there is some type of simple solution which will allow me achieve my objective. So here it goes: I often utilize shortcodes within the ...'s user avatar
21 votes
12 answers

Remove type attribute from script and style tags added by WordPress

Warning: The type attribute is unnecessary for JavaScript resources. From line 10, column 146; to line 10, column 176 feed/" /> <script type="text/javascript">window ...
WordCent's user avatar
  • 1,867
21 votes
4 answers

How to add a data attribute to a WordPress menu item

I'm Twitter Bootstrap and need to add data-toggle="modal" attribute to the a tag of menu link. Upon searching most all results reference doing a walking for Twitter Bootstrap dropdown menus however ...
TechRemarker's user avatar
21 votes
3 answers

remove_action on after_setup_theme not working from child theme

I am trying to remove a theme action for an elegant-themes theme using a child theme.. This works when I remove action after add_action code anywhere in the parent theme functions.php. However, it ...
Smoking Sheriff's user avatar
21 votes
1 answer

plugins_url vs plugin_dir_url

Im seeing WordPress plugins either use plugins_url or plugin_dir_url when creating constants to some of their folders. Is one better than the other? examples: define( 'MEMBERS_URI', trailingslashit( ...
urok93's user avatar
  • 4,024
19 votes
5 answers

How to use a custom post type archive as front page?

I'd like to use a custom post type archive as a site's front page, so that is a custom post type archive displayed according to my archive-{post-type}.php file. Ideally I ...
Isaac Lubow's user avatar
19 votes
3 answers

How to change default position of WP meta boxes?

Im wondering if there is a way to change the default position of Wordpresses meta boxes such as "featured image" for custom post types without having to drag them manually? Example:
Mr.Brown's user avatar
  • 1,025
19 votes
4 answers

How to deprecate a function used in a plugin?

One of the functions I'm using in my plugin is polluting the global scope with a name that could collide with another function (used in another plugin). So, I guess I should deprecate it. But how ...
henrywright's user avatar
  • 3,037
18 votes
4 answers

Issues with title-tag and document_title_parts

Wordpress version 4.5.1 I'm trying to dynamically update page titles on a particular template. After lots of digging and learning about the wp_title() changes, I'm attempting to use ...
hookedonwinter's user avatar
17 votes
2 answers

Add <meta> tags to the <head> section via functions.php

I've got a custom theme I've developed and it's basically a 4 page brochure site for a client and I've managed to do away with a few plugins by building in custom-post-types, gzipping via .htaccess ...
pjk_ok's user avatar
  • 908
17 votes
5 answers

Best way of passing PHP variable between partials?

I have a variable in header.php, such as: $page_extra_title = get_post_meta($this_page->ID, "_theme_extra_title", true); Once I do: var_dump($page_extra_title); I always get NULL outside of ...
Wordpressor's user avatar
  • 5,041
17 votes
4 answers

How to manually fix the WordPress gallery code using PHP in functions.php?

It's been talked many times that Wordpress outputs some really bad code for the built-in gallery function. This is the core code responsible for the gallery output (in /wp-includes/media.php): ...
its_me's user avatar
  • 4,511
16 votes
7 answers

How to check if a user exists by a given id

Is there any way to check if a user id exists? I want to create a function similar to username_exists() but which returns if the id exists or not.
Frankolin's user avatar
  • 163
16 votes
9 answers

Adding fields to the "Add New User" screen in the dashboard

I'd like to add the field "Company Name" to the add new user page in the admin panel. I've done quite a bit of searching and have been unable to find details on how to do this. I can easily add info ...
Zach Shallbetter's user avatar
16 votes
5 answers

Upload Multiple Files With media_handle_upload

I have a WordPress form plugin and I use media_handle_upload to upload the files and get there ids directly and attached its ids to the post as a meta date, I used the following to did that: The HTML ...
Engr.MTH's user avatar
  • 263
16 votes
2 answers

How to display custom field in woocommerce orders in admin panel?

currently i add a custom billing field in woocommerce by function custom_override_checkout_fields( $fields ) { $fields['billing']['billing_phone_new'] = array( 'label' => __('...
Ron's user avatar
  • 335
15 votes
2 answers

Adding a second email address to a completed order in WooCommerce [closed]

Before I ask this question, I know there is a (legitimate) hesitation to answer questions here about Woo products since they have their own support and their users should be encouraged to use that. I ...
Halle's user avatar
  • 269
15 votes
9 answers

Why isn't is_page working when I put it in the functions.php file?

I have page called "Apple", the page's ID id 2533. In page.php file I have line: echo $bannerimg And this function in functions.php: if ( is_page( '2533' ) ) { // also tested with 'Apple' ...
Wordpressor's user avatar
  • 5,041
15 votes
5 answers

Passing arguments to a admin menu page callback?

Situation: I'm working on a plugin and I'm developing it as a class, everything worked fine until I run into this situation. I wanted to make things a bit cleaner and tried this.. class MyPlugin { ...
Luis's user avatar
  • 253
14 votes
2 answers

How to detect single.php (but not single-portfolio.php)?

When I'm using is_single(); in my <head> section to add some style to website navigation it executes correctly on blog posts but it also executes on single "portfolio" post type posts (so single-...
Paul's user avatar
  • 2,150
14 votes
5 answers

How to change the case of all post titles to "Title Case"

I am helping my father with his WordPress website. It has over 1,700 posts with TITLES IN UPPERCASE. We'd like to change these to "Title Case" in the database (possibly using this PHP script). The ...
BaronGrivet's user avatar

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