4

I've got a simple static list marked up like this that I'd like to turn in to a WordPress Menu:

<ul>
    <li><a href="#"><img src="http://placekitten.com/200/300"></a></li>
    <li><a href="#"><img src="http://placekitten.com/200/300"></a></li>
    <li><a href="#"><img src="http://placekitten.com/200/300"></a></li>
    <li><a href="#"><img src="http://placekitten.com/200/300"></a></li>
</ul>

I'd like each list item to link to a specific post, and pull in the Featured Image rather than the title. If I setup a default WordPress Menu it would output like this:

<ul>
    <li><a href="post-1/">Blog Post 1</a></li>
    <li><a href="post-2/">Blog Post 2</a></li>
    <li><a href="post-3/">Blog Post 3</a></li>
    <li><a href="post-4/">Blog Post 4</a></li>
</ul>

How would I instead output it like this:

<ul>
    <li><a href="post-1/"><img src="post-1-featured-img.png"></a></li>
    <li><a href="post-2/"><img src="post-2-featured-img.png"></a></li>
    <li><a href="post-3/"><img src="post-3-featured-img.png"></a></li>
    <li><a href="post-4/"><img src="post-4-featured-img.png"></a></li>
</ul>

So essentially I'd just like to return the Featured Image of each post I specify in a WordPress Custom Menu rather than the post title.

10

You can do that by filtering the menu objects using wp_nav_menu_objects filter.

The following example will replace all titles of the menu items pointing to posts or pages with an <img> tag of the post or page thumbnail if available. It will target a menu with a name of Posts Menu called in theme using wp_nav_menu(array('menu'=>'Posts Menu')):

add_filter('wp_nav_menu_objects', 'ad_filter_menu', 10, 2);

function ad_filter_menu($sorted_menu_objects, $args) {

    // check for the right menu to filter
    // here we check for the menu with name 'Posts Menu'
    // given that you call it in you theme with:
    //   wp_nav_menu( array( 'menu' => 'Posts Menu' ) );
    // if you call the menu using theme_location, eg:
    //   wp_nav_menu( array( 'theme_location' => 'top_manu' ) );
    // check for:
    //   if ($args->theme_location != 'top_menu')
    if ($args->menu != 'Posts Menu')
        return $sorted_menu_objects;

    // edit the menu objects
    foreach ($sorted_menu_objects as $menu_object) {
        // searching for menu items linking to posts or pages
        // can add as many post types to the array
        if ( in_array($menu_object->object, array('post', 'page', 'any_post_type')) ) {
            // set the title to the post_thumbnail if available
            // thumbnail size is the second parameter of get_the_post_thumbnail()
            $menu_object->title = has_post_thumbnail($menu_object->object_id) ? get_the_post_thumbnail($menu_object->object_id, 'thumbnail') : $menu_object->title;
        }
    }

    return $sorted_menu_objects;
}
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