32

I have a custom post type called 'episode'. Attached to 'episode' I have a custom taxonomy called 'video_type' that contains two terms: "bonus-footage" and "episode"; "episode" contains two child terms "season-1" and "season-2" (other seasons will be added in the future). I want to grab only the most recent post of the 'episode' type but not include any posts from the 'bonus-footage' term. Below is the code I'm using for this:

<?php
$some_args = array(
    'tax_query' => array(
        'taxonomy' => 'video_type',
        'terms' => 'bonus-footage',
        'field' => 'slug',
        'include_children' => true,
        'operator' => 'NOT IN'
     ),
    'posts_per_page' => 1,
    'post_type' => 'episode',
);

$s = new WP_Query( $some_args );

if ( $s->have_posts() ) : $s->the_post();
    // Do something with this post.
endif;
?>

The query works as expected if a post in one of the 'season' terms is the newest, but if a post in "bonus-footage" is the newest, then it's loading that one. In other words my "tax_query" parameters appear to have no affect on the query. Am I not formatting the "tax_query" properly or am I missing something else?

I've also tried setting "tax_query" as below:

'tax_query' => array(
        'taxonomy' => 'video_type',
        'terms' => 'episode',
        'field' => 'slug',
    'include_children' => true,
        'operator' => 'IN'
),

but I'm still getting the same result.

3 Answers 3

72

The tax_query parameter is an array of arrays, not just an array.

This:

'tax_query' => array(
        'taxonomy' => 'video_type',
        'terms' => 'episode',
        'field' => 'slug',
        'include_children' => true,
        'operator' => 'IN'
),

Should instead be this:

'tax_query' => array(
    array(
        'taxonomy' => 'video_type',
        'terms' => 'episode',
        'field' => 'slug',
        'include_children' => true,
        'operator' => 'IN'
    )
),
6
  • 1
    Thanks Chip. I'm curious as to the reason why Wordpress has it built this way? Apr 16, 2012 at 16:19
  • 6
    So that multiple tax queries can be performed, using Booleans. See the linked Codex entry, under the "Multiple Taxonomy Handling" section. Apr 16, 2012 at 16:21
  • 1
    Worked like a charm for me! Thanks man, I was banging my head off the wall on this one!
    – djphinesse
    Nov 23, 2014 at 23:45
  • I can't seem to figure out how to translate this into a url parameter and have it actually used by WP_Query. It just keeps getting ignored.
    – realgeek
    Apr 12, 2018 at 21:22
  • Thanks man!! this really helps me!
    – Lai32290
    May 19, 2020 at 20:14
6

It's also worth to pay attention if you are formatting the rules correctly:

new WP_Query([
    'post_type' => 'vehicle',
    'tax_query' => [
        'relation' => 'OR',
        [
            'taxonomy' => 'brand',
            'field' => 'slug',
            'terms' => 'bmw',
        ],
        [
            'taxonomy' => 'brand',
            'field' => 'slug',
            'terms' => 'mercedes',
        ]
    ],
]);

This way you are fetching vehicles that have brand bmw OR mercedes.

If you want to fetch vehicles that have brand bmw AND mercedes:

new WP_Query([
    'post_type' => 'vehicle',
    'tax_query' => [
        [
            'taxonomy' => 'brand',
            'field' => 'slug',
            'terms' => ['bmw', 'mercedes'],
        ],
    ],
]);
0

Adding on to @Lucas' answer, I noticed that I had to add the key: 'operator' => 'AND' under terms to perform the ANDing operation. Otherwise, it still ORs the query.

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