35

I have custom roles in my setup and I want to be able to automatically change a user's role thru a function. Say user A has a SUBSCRIBER role, how do I change it to EDITOR? When adding a role we just:

add_role( $role_name , $role_display_name , array( 'read' =>  true,
                                                   'edit_posts' => false,
                                                   'delete_posts' => false, ));

How about changing a role? Is there something like:

change_role($old_role, $new_role);

UPDATE: I think this one will do:

$wp_user_object = new WP_User($current_user->ID);
$wp_user_object->set_role('editor');
51

See the WP_User class, you can use this to add and remove roles for a user.

EDIT: I really should have provided more information with this answer initially, so i'm adding more information below.

More specifically, a user's role can be set by creating an instance of the WP_user class, and calling the add_role() or remove_role() methods.

Example

Change a subscribers role to editor

// NOTE: Of course change 3 to the appropriate user ID
$u = new WP_User( 3 );

// Remove role
$u->remove_role( 'subscriber' );

// Add role
$u->add_role( 'editor' );

Hopefully that's more helpful than my initial response, which wasn't necessarily as helpful.

17

Just note that there is a simpler way to change the user role which is especially helpful when you do not know the current role of the user: ->set_role()

Example:

// Fetch the WP_User object of our user.
$u = new WP_User( 3 );

// Replace the current role with 'editor' role
$u->set_role( 'editor' );
  • Remember that set_role will remove the previous roles of the user and assign the new role. – shasi kanth May 3 '16 at 12:52
  • 1
    This is perfect for custom registration forms. First register users with no roles and after that add role when they confirm email. – Ivijan Stefan Stipić Sep 15 '17 at 17:34
3

To extrapolate on t31os's answer you can slap something like this in your functions file if you want to do this programmatically based on a condition

$blogusers = get_users($blogID.'&role=student');

foreach ($blogusers as $user) {

    $thisYear = date('Y-7');
    $gradYear = date(get_the_author_meta( 'graduation_year', $user->ID ).'-7');

    if($gradYear < $thisYear) {
        $u = new WP_User( $user->ID );
        // Remove role
        $u->remove_role( 'student' );

        // Add role
        $u->add_role( 'adult' );
    }
}
  • I think your usage of $blogID is wrong. get_users() will use the current blog ID per default anyway. – fuxia Oct 29 '12 at 19:27
  • yep, in my case the paste was just from a multisite example. I didn't define it here either so obviously it would throw an error. – Adam Munns Nov 26 '12 at 17:46
2

You can change the role of any user by editing the users profile. No need to add any more code when this option is already built into WordPress.

enter image description here

Or

You could use code to change all current users with the subscriber role to editor:

$current_user = wp_get_current_user();

// Remove role
$current_user->remove_role( 'subscriber' );

// Add role
$current_user->add_role( 'editor' );
1

There's a WordPress function for that!

I think it is best to use WordPress functions, if and when they are available.

You can use the wp_insert_user() function, where one of the arguments that you will need to provide is the $userdata['role']. In this argument you can specify the role that you want to change the user into.

  • wp doesn't recognize that function. I got an "undefined function" error. – Joann Dec 1 '10 at 11:42
  • By the looks of it, wp_insert_user() seems to do the exact same. When you provide an ID, that ID gets updated. No ID is adding new user. Don't really know what the difference between wp_update_user() and wp_insert_user() is, yet. – Coen Jacobs Dec 1 '10 at 11:46
1

you have to include the /wp-includes/registration.php, if you use the code as a stand alone script. Regards Uwe

1

You can use wp_update_user. Your code shoud be like this:

<?php
    $user_id = 3;
    $new_role = 'editor';

    $result = wp_update_user(array('ID'=>$user_id, 'role'=>$new_role));

    if ( is_wp_error( $result ) ) {
        // There was an error, probably that user doesn't exist.
    } else {
        // Success!
    }
?>
0
<?php
$wuser_ID = get_current_user_id();
if ($wuser_ID)
    {
      // NOTE: Of course change 3 to the appropriate user ID
      $u = new WP_User( $wuser_ID );

      // Remove role
      $u->remove_role( 'subscriber' );

      // Add role
      $u->add_role( 'contributor' );
    }
?>
0

I know its a very old Post, but i have found that the roles for users are stored in wp_usermeta table with key wp_capabilities in meta_key column.

If you want to change the user role you can do it by this simple function.

function change_role($id, $new_role){
    GLOBAL $table_prefix;
    if(is_array($new_role)){
        $new_role_array = $new_role;
    }else{
        $new_role_array = array( $new_role => true );
    }
    return update_user_meta($id, $table_prefix.'capabilities', $new_role_array);
}

There is two way to use this function.

If you want to change the role for a single role.

change_role(2, 'editor'); // editor is the new role

Or if you want to add multi roles to the user, use the roles as array in the second parameter.

$roles_array = array('editor' => true, 'administrator' => true); // roles array
change_role(2, $roles_array);

Good luck.

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