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I am working on a website with 700+ pages. Most of the pages have similar keywords/slugs. Using the traditional Appearance > Menus editor is nearly impossible because I can't find the pages I am looking for (whether using Search or Most Recent or View All). I know the ID of my specific page. I know the ID of the menu I want to add it to.

Is there a function I can use to add a page to a menu by both of their IDs? Something like:

$menu = 158; // THE ID OF MY MENU
$menu_item = 15891; // THE ID OF MY PAGE

$adding = wp_please_add_a_menu_item_to_menu($menu, $menu_item);
if($adding) {
    echo 'Adding menu item worked!';
} else {
    echo 'Adding menu item failed.';
}
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2 Answers 2

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You can use wp_update_nav_menu_item() to programmatically add a new menu item to the database. Since this change persists, you shouldn't execute this functionality on every page - it's best used as a one-off (though in that case it might be easier and more efficient to use WP CLI as suggested by WebElaine in the comments), or via some dashboard interaction if it's something you intend to use repeatedly.

/**
 * Insert a new navigation menu item for a page into the database.
 *
 * @link https://wordpress.stackexchange.com/questions/408618
 *
 * @param int              $menu_id  The ID of the menu to insert the new item into.
 * @param int|WP_Post|null $page     A reference to the page for which to create a new menu item.
 * @param string           $title    The title of the nav item. Defaults to the page title.
 * @param int              $parent   The ID of the parent nav menu item, if applicable.
 * @param int              $position The index within the menu/parent for the new item. Defaults to 0 to append.
 * @return int|WP_Error The ID of the new menu item on success, or a WP_Error object on failure.
 **/
function wpse408618_insert_nav_menu_page_item(
  $menu_id,
  $page,
  $title    = null,
  $parent   = 0,
  $position = 0
) {
  $page = get_post( $page );

  if( !$page || $page->post_type !== 'page' )
    return new WP_Error( 'wpse408618_invalid_page_arg', 'The supplied $page argument could not be resolved to a page-type post.' );

  $menu_item_data = array(
    'menu-item-title'     => isset( $title ) ? $title : get_the_title( $page ),
    'menu-item-object-id' => $page->ID,
    'menu-item-object'    => 'page',
    'menu-item-status'    => 'publish',
    'menu-item-type'      => 'post-type',
    'menu-item-parent-id' => $parent,
    'menu-item-position'  => $position,
  );

  return wp_update_nav_menu_item( $menu_id, 0, $menu_item_data );
}
$new_item_id = wpse408618_insert_nav_menu_page_item( 158, 15891 );

if( is_wp_error( $new_item_id ) )
  echo 'Page nav menu item creation failed: "' . $new_item_id->get_error_message() . '"';
else
  echo 'Page nav menu item creation succeeded! Item inserted with ID ' . $new_item_id;

You can refer to the source of the wp_update_nav_menu_item() function for a more complete list of possible nav menu item object attributes.

It's also possible to use a hook such as the wp_get_nav_menu_items filter to add non-persistent items on the fly, if it makes more sense for your application.

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  • Thanks for this! I was actually planning on creating a PHP file outside of my Wordpress application, calling wp-load.php to use WP functions, and then passing those IDs along to just execute a 1-time request. This gives me enough information and points me in the right direction to do so. Very very appreciated.
    – RCNeil
    Aug 15, 2022 at 20:53
1

Based on @bosco response, I was able to make a simple PHP file outside of my Wordpress application, call wp-load to use Wordpress functions, and add the menu item using that function:

define( 'WP_USE_THEMES', false ); 
require( '../../../../wp-load.php' );  //YOUR FILE PATH MAY VARY

$menu = 158; // ID OF YOUR MENU
$menu_item = 15891; // ID OF THE PAGE YOU WANT TO ADD

$page = get_post($menu_item); 
$title = get_the_title($page);
wp_update_nav_menu_item($menu, 0, array(
    'menu-item-title' => $title,
    'menu-item-object-id' => $page->ID,
    'menu-item-object' => 'page',
    'menu-item-status' => 'publish',
    'menu-item-type' => 'post_type',
));

The key to this wp_update_nav_menu_item function is the 2nd argument:

$menu_item_db_id (int) (Required) The ID of the menu item. If 0, creates a new menu item.

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