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I am trying to set up a custom endpoint which only returns some user data instead of the default data sent back by the users endpoint. But I don't know how to get the first and last name of the user from WP_User_Query

add_action( 'rest_api_init', function () {
  register_rest_route( 'myplugin/v1', 'some-endpoint', array(
    'methods' => 'GET',
    'callback' => 'my_awesome_func',
  ) );
} );

function my_awesome_func( $request) {

            $user_fields = array( 'user_nicename', 'user_url', 'first_name' );
            $wp_user_query = new WP_User_Query( array( 'role' => 'subscriber', 'fields' => $user_fields ) );
            $members = $wp_user_query->get_results();

    return new WP_REST_Response(
        array(
            'status' => 200,
            'response' => $members
        )
    );
    
    return $response;
}

If I remove 'first_name' from my array then I get back user_nicename and user_url in the response for all users. But with first_name in there I just get an empty response. I also tried firstname instead of first_name but still no joy.

Also, this only returns a handful of users. How do I show them all or 10, 20, 30 etc.

1

If you look at the documentation, first_name is not in the list of accepted values for the fields parameter, and if you enabled debugging, you'd see adding first_name to that parameter would actually cause a database error — Unknown column 'wp_users.first_name' in 'field list'. And the same goes to the "firstname" and any other non-standard values.

So as the documentation says, "You must create a second query to get the user meta fields by ID or use the __get PHP magic method to get the values of these fields.", you would need to manually add the first_name item to your $members array like so:

// &$member means we're modifying the original $members array
foreach ( $members as &$member ) {
    $member->first_name = get_user_meta( $member->ID, 'first_name', true );
}

But make sure ID is in the field list, e.g. $user_fields = array( 'user_nicename', 'user_url', 'ID' );.

And as for controlling the number of results, check the pagination parameters like number:

// Get at most 10 users (per page).
$user_query = new WP_User_Query( array( 'number' => 10 ) );

And BTW, remember to set permission_callback for your custom REST API endpoint.

1
  • 1
    Note to self, read the docs properly! Thanks so much for this, you're a star! Apr 19 at 17:49

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