this is my code:

$terms = wp_get_post_terms( $listing_id,'job_listing_category' );    
         $sql_terms.=" AND (";
         foreach($terms as $term){       
         $sql_terms.="  category LIKE '%".$term->slug."%' OR";
          $sql_terms.="  category IS NULL OR category=''";
        $sql_terms.=") ";
                "SELECT DISTINCT user_id ,proximity,
                ( %s * IFNULL( acos( cos( radians(lat) ) * cos( radians( %s ) ) * cos( radians( %s ) - radians(lng) ) + sin( radians(lat) ) * sin( radians( %s ) ) ), 0 ) )
                AS distance
                FROM  ".$wpdb->prefix."a_filters  as f
                f.notify=1   AND lat!='false' AND lng!='false' AND listing_type='".$listing_type."' 
                 HAVING distance < proximity
                ORDER BY distance ASC"
                ,  $earth_radius, $lat, $lng, $lat) 

One of the $terms is "special-purpose".

I get error wpdb::prepare was called incorrectly. The query does not contain the correct number of placeholders (5) for the number of arguments passed (4). And that is because it also counts the %s from '%special-purpose%'. How can I make it ignore the %s from '%special-purpose%' ?

2 Answers 2


Use double percent sign like so: %%special-purpose%%.

Or you could also use a placeholder, i.e. LIKE %s and then set the 6th parameter for $wpdb->prepare() to %special-purpose%, i.e.

$wpdb->prepare( "your SQL query", $earth_radius, $lat, $lng, $lat, '%special-purpose%' )
  • 1
    Thank you so much for this answer! Mar 3, 2021 at 13:30

This is covered in the documentation:

Literal percentage signs (%) in the query string must be written as %%. Percentage wildcards (for example, to use in LIKE syntax) must be passed via a substitution argument containing the complete LIKE string, these cannot be inserted directly in the query string.

Along with an example:

$wpdb->prepare( "SELECT * FROM table WHERE column = %s AND field = %d OR other_field LIKE %s", array( ‘foo’, 1337, ‘%bar’ ) ); 

So you should have something like this:

            3959 * acos (
                cos( radians( 78.3232 ) )
                * cos( radians( %f ) )
                * cos( radians( %f ) - radians( 65.3234 ) )
                + sin( radians( 78.3232 ) )
                * sin( radians( %f ) )
        ) AS distance
        notify = 1 AND
        lat != 'false' AND 
        lng != 'false' AND 
        listing_type = %s AND
            category LIKE %s OR 
            category IS NULL OR 
            category = ''
        distance < proximity    
        distance ASC",


  • category LIKE '%special-purpose%' has been replaced with category LIKE %s, and the string with wildcards was passed as a parameter.
  • listing_type='".$listing_type."' has been replaced with the proper usage of a placeholder.
  • I hardcoded the radius of the Earth, in miles. That's not going to change any time soon.
  • I cleaned up your formula for distance. You had left out the numbers that are important for it to function, and you had used string placeholders when the values should be floats.
  • Thank you so much for this answer! Mar 3, 2021 at 13:30

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