13

I'm trying to implement filter system in my website. I decided to make it via js. I created fetch function

let filters = document.querySelectorAll('.filters-item');
let pageUrl = wp.page_url;
const postsContainer = document.querySelectorAll('.column.is-half.is-offset-1');
filters.forEach( (item) => {
        item.addEventListener('change', (e) =>{
            let url = pageUrl + '/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php';

            fetch(url, {
                method: 'POST',
                headers: {
                    'Content-Type': 'text/html; charset=UTF-8',
                },
                body: JSON.stringify({
                    'test': "sampledatatest",
                })
            }).then( function (response) {
                if(response.ok) {
                    return response.json();
                }
                return Promise.reject(response);
            }).then(function (data) {
                console.log(data);
            }).catch(function (error) {
                console.warn('Error', error);
            });
        });
    });

In my functions.php file I have simple function

add_action('wp_ajax_myfilter', 'misha_filter_function'); // wp_ajax_{ACTION HERE}
add_action('wp_ajax_nopriv_myfilter', 'misha_filter_function');

function misha_filter_function(){
    $t = $_POST['test'];
    echo $t;

    die();
}

When I click on filter item I'm getting error 400 in my dev console. What am I missing? Is it proper way to pass the data in the form like I did? I don't want to use jQuery.

1
  • Is it possible your fetch function doesn't know about your misha_filter_function() function? Like, call the action "myfilter" anywhere?
    – moped
    Jan 25, 2021 at 9:16

2 Answers 2

23

Is it proper way to pass the data in the form like I did?

If you mean the body part (of your fetch() call), then yes, it is okay.

However,

  1. You must send a query named action as part of the request (e.g. via the URL like example.com/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php?action=test), so that WordPress knows what AJAX action is it and then execute the callback(s) for that specific action.

    See here for further information, but in your case, the AJAX action is myfilter as in wp_ajax_myfilter and the callback is misha_filter_function().

  2. The Content-Type header doesn't match the request body and you should've used application/json instead of text/html.

But then, even with the correct request body and headers, the admin-ajax.php doesn't actually support JSON request, so if you want to send JSON request, then you should use the WordPress REST API and you'd probably want to add a custom endpoint like my-plugin/v1/myfilter.

Otherwise, and if you prefer using the admin-ajax.php, then for example, you can use the FormData() API in JavaScript to properly build the form data to be sent to admin-ajax.php:

var formData = new FormData();

formData.append( 'action', 'myfilter' );
formData.append( 'test', 'foo bar baz' );

fetch( url, {
    method: 'POST',
    body: formData,
} ) // wrapped
    .then( res => res.text() )
    .then( data => console.log( data ) )
    .catch( err => console.log( err ) );
5
  • 1
    Ahh, I pass wrong action name. Now it's working. Thank you!
    – MMPL1
    Jan 25, 2021 at 10:00
  • Can you give me an example how to build custom endpoint to post multipart form data? I am new to Wordpress and I trying to integrate React form with WP.
    – Frostbourn
    Sep 8, 2021 at 15:31
  • @Frostbourn it's not that I can't, but you should instead post your own question and not asking here.. :)
    – Sally CJ
    Sep 10, 2021 at 13:16
  • 1
    @SallyCJ Thank you for the response. I already have done that: wordpress.stackexchange.com/questions/395462/…
    – Frostbourn
    Sep 12, 2021 at 9:51
  • 1
    ty @SallyCJ I was looking everywhere for this :D
    – Ail
    Dec 16, 2021 at 12:57
3

I think below is the most convenient way to initiate an ajax request via javascript fetch API. Creating WordPress ajax requests without jQuery.

// PHP WP ajax hook
add_action('wp_ajax_ajaxCallback', 'ajaxCallback'); 
//  Creating data 
let requestData = {
    action: "ajaxCallback",
    myData: "Your data",
    nonce: 'test nonce'
};
    
// Initiating AJAX request 
fetch('http://example.com/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php', {
    method:"post",
    headers: { 'Content-Type': 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded' },
    body: new URLSearchParams(requestData).toString(),
}).then(function(response) {
    // return response.json(); // if responce is in json.
    return response.text();
}).then(function(response) {
    console.log(response);
});

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