EDIT: Complete re-write

I have been developing a custom extension for my theme over the last few weeks.

This is my first time "developing" with Wordpress. All works fine and I am happy with the resulting functionality, albeit it needs some tidying.

I wish to move my js functions out to an external file - custom.js.

Original format:


$custom1 = $custom_meta['custom1'];

<form name="customForm">
                Validation Code:<br>
                <!-- <input type="number" name="inputcode"><br> -->
                <input type="password" name="inputcode" id="inputcode" maxlength="6" inputmode="numeric">
                <input type="text" name="message" id="message" style="display:none; background-color: #FFCCCC;"><br>
                <input type="button" name="submitbutton" value="Submit" onClick="customfunction()">
                <div id="errors"></div>

<script type="text/javascript">

function customfunction() {
                        const userInput = document.customForm.inputcode.value;
                        const pidR = "<?php echo $postid ?>";
                        const useridR = "<?php echo $userid ?>";
                        fetch(`http://....../wp-json/api/v1/customquery?code=${userInput}&pid=${pidR}&userid=${useridR}`).then(r => r.json()).then(data => {
                .....DO STUFF.....

I really dislike having this javascript declared inline.

I have tried so many things, with the added complication that my function uses variables pulled from the php:

  const pidR = "<?php echo $postid ?>";
  const useridR = "<?php echo $userid ?>";
  const userInput = document.customForm.inputcode.value;

Currently in my child's functions.php I have written:

add_action('wp_head', function () {
// Register the script
wp_register_script( 'custom_script', get_stylesheet_directory_uri() . '/custom.js' );

// Localize the script with new data
$custom_api_vars = array(
    'pid' => get_the_id(),
    'uid' => get_current_user()
wp_localize_script( 'custom_script', 'custom_vars', $custom_api_vars );

// Enqueued script with localized data.
wp_enqueue_script( 'custom_script' , array('jquery'), '1.0', true);


and in my custom.js file:

function redeem() {
    const pidR = custom_vars.pid;
    const useridR = custom_vars.uid;
    fetch(`http://....../wp-json/api/v1/customquery?code=${userInput}&pid=${pidR}&userid=${useridR}`).then(r => r.json()).then(data => {
        .....do stuff.....

The API compares the value of inputcode from the form and performs an add/update_user_meta process based on whether inputcode matches a value in the database stored against the post.

When I call the function from my page I get this error in console:

Uncaught (in promise) ReferenceError: JQuery is not defined

I also need to know how I can externally call the other variable (below) as I don't think this would make sense within functions.php because it is related to the form on my page.

const userInput = document.customForm.inputcode.value;

I would be very grateful if someone could walk me through this.

Thank you if you got this far.

  • 1
    Please only ask one question at a time. Jul 20, 2019 at 11:08
  • Ok, tried my best to re-write this.
    – Shaun21uk
    Jul 20, 2019 at 12:10

1 Answer 1


Since it's a plugin, you should enqueue jQuery first.
Inside your add_action('wp_head', function () { before wp_register_script( 'custom_script', get_stylesheet_directory_uri() . '/custom.js' ); add :

if ( ! wp_script_is( 'jquery', 'enqueued' )) {
    //Enqueue jQuery
    wp_enqueue_script( 'jquery' );

This will check if jQuery is loaded and if not it will load it.

Then, in your custom.js file put the following :

(function ($) {
    const pidR = custom_vars.pid;
    const useridR = custom_vars.uid;
    // do stuff...

Hope this will help you get on the track ;)

SYA :)

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