14

I'm trying to use wp_nav_menu to only display a menu if one exists, otherwise, display nothing.

If I delete the menu, it will output a list of the pages.

My functions.php file contains:

if (function_exists('register_nav_menus')) {
register_nav_menus (
array('main_nav' => 'Main Navigation Menu'));}

How can I use wp_nav_menu to only display a menu if one exists, otherwise show nothing?

23

Use has_nav_menu(), and test for theme_location, rather than menu_id:

<?php
if ( has_nav_menu( $theme_location ) ) {
    // User has assigned menu to this location;
    // output it
    wp_nav_menu( array( 
        'theme_location' => $theme_location, 
        'menu_class' => 'nav', 
        'container' => '' 
    ) );
}
?>

You can output alternate content, by adding an else clause.

EDIT

You need to replace $theme_location with your actual theme_location:

<?php
if ( has_nav_menu( 'main_nav' ) ) {
    // User has assigned menu to this location;
    // output it
    wp_nav_menu( array( 
        'theme_location' => 'main_nav', 
        'menu_class' => 'nav', 
        'container' => '' 
    ) );
}
?>
9
  • While this outputs nothing if there's no menu, it unfortunately does the same when there is a menu. Any other ideas?
    – Ryan
    Nov 2 '11 at 21:23
  • Have you applied a menu to the specified Theme Location? Nov 2 '11 at 21:28
  • No, how do I do that?
    – Ryan
    Nov 2 '11 at 21:32
  • 1
    Dashboard -> Appearance -> Menus. Create and save a custom menu, then apply it to the specified Theme Location, using the dropdown menu. Nov 2 '11 at 21:34
  • Ah yes, I had done that (screenshot: bit.ly/vrjNf9). Unfortunately, the problem still persists - the menu won't appear. P.S. My functions file has this: if (function_exists('register_nav_menus')) { register_nav_menus ( array('main_nav' => 'Main Navigation Menu'));}
    – Ryan
    Nov 2 '11 at 21:37
8

You can just specify false as the fallback_cb argument of wp_nav_menu. Nothing will show up -- rather, wp_nav_menu will return false (echoing nothing out).

<?php
wp_nav_menu(array( 
    'theme_location' => $main_nav, 
    'menu_class'     => 'nav', 
    'container'      => '',
    'fallback_cb'    => false
));
2
0

You can just register menu firstly without specifying the location.
In functions.php:

add_action( 'init', 'register_my_menus' );
function register_my_menus() {  
    register_nav_menus(
        array(
            'header' => __( 'Header Menu' )
        )
    );
}

And when you call the menu in header.php, check with has_nav_menu():

if ( has_nav_menu( 'header' ) ) {
    wp_nav_menu( array( 'theme_location' => 'header' ) ); 
}
1
  • If you register a menu without a theme location, you cannot ask for it later with a theme location restriction.
    – fuxia
    Nov 27 '12 at 4:33
0

Read this:

http://codex.wordpress.org/Function_Reference/wp_nav_menu

set 'fallback_cb' => false and none will be displayed, this is the standard method suggested by wp guys.

3
  • This is the same as chrisguitarguy answer...
    – brasofilo
    Oct 6 '13 at 13:02
  • I know, I just wanted to point you out to the main article on wordpress codex. Oct 10 '13 at 14:34
  • It seems that it is not true. The docs says: If not given a theme_location parameter, the function displays developer.wordpress.org/reference/functions/wp_nav_menu/… the menu matching the ID, slug, or name given by the menu parameter; otherwise, the first non-empty menu; otherwise (or if the menu given by menu is empty), output of the function given by the fallback_cb parameter (wp_page_menu(), by default); otherwise nothing.
    – Alireza
    Nov 6 '18 at 14:46

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