Posts and pages offers the opportunity for inline editing (Quick Edit), i.e like this. It is also possible for custom post types, but for some reason this is not offered for attachments/the media library. Is there a way to enable quick edit for the media library (attachment post type)?
As an alternative to the List View, you can use the Grid View by clicking the icon with 4 squares at the top of the Media Library when viewing all items.
When clicking on an item, a modal will appear. It has navigation arrows at the top to left you quickly navigate items. Edits are saved automatically via AJAX, so while this is not technically the same as the Quick Edit for typical post types, it may be a time saver.