The debug log will only capture PHP-generated errors as well as things you manually send yourself. So if it is not being created right now, then there are no warnings/errors being generated by PHP right now.
In order to send things manually, you use
error_log(). One quick note though is that you have to set echo to
true if you use functions like
print_r() to dump out arrays and such to see the actual contents, otherwise you'll just get a
1 so you'll want something like:
error_log( '--- $_POST ---' . PHP_EOL );
error_log( print_r( $_POST, true ) );
error_log( '--- End $_POST ---' . PHP_EOL );
This way you have some landmarks you can search for in the log.
PHP_EOL is a constant that simply inserts
\n for you so the log will have a line break.