I'm trying to add a class to an element within the main menu, but nothing is happening. I'm using Underscores starter theme, which has this in the header.php:

    wp_nav_menu( array(
        'theme_location' => 'menu-1',
        'menu_id'        => 'primary-menu',
        'after'          => '<span class="fa fa-times"></span>',
    ) );

I then put this in the navigation.js file (also tried inline in the footer.php):

$(".menu-item-has-children .span").click(function() {
    $(".menu-item-has-children .sub-menu").removeClass("toggled");

But nothing happens. I've also tried a simple:

$('body').click(function() {

And nothing happens there either. This does work:

window.onload = function() {

jQuery is loading:

<script type='text/javascript' src='http://example.com/wp-includes/js/jquery/jquery.js?ver=1.12.4'></script>

navigation.js is enqueued in functions.php:

function themename_scripts() {

wp_enqueue_style( 'themename-style', get_stylesheet_uri() );

wp_enqueue_script( 'themename-navigation', get_template_directory_uri() . '/js/navigation.js', array(), '20151215', true );

wp_enqueue_script( 'themename-skip-link-focus-fix', get_template_directory_uri() . '/js/skip-link-focus-fix.js', array(), '20151215', true );

if ( is_singular() && comments_open() && get_option( 'thread_comments' ) ) {
    wp_enqueue_script( 'comment-reply' );
add_action( 'wp_enqueue_scripts', 'themename_scripts' );

...So what basic error have I made?

  • Are you getting any errors when you inspect the page (E.g $ is not a function)? Are you using/have you tried wrapping your jQuery code in a document ready function? Where is navigation.js being enqueued? – mrmadhat Nov 24 '17 at 21:56
  • Ah yes, I get $ is not a function. Wrapping in document ready function doesn't seem to help. navigation.js Is being enqueued in functions.php - I have edited my question to detail this. – user2265915 Nov 27 '17 at 14:47
  • WordPress loads jQuery in noConflict. You can switch all your $ with jQuery or read this answer for more information – Howdy_McGee Nov 27 '17 at 15:30

You haven't passed jquery as a dependency for your script, and you are using the dollar sign too, which is not directly supported in WordPress due to conflict.

First, pass jQuery as a requirement while enqueuing your navigation.js:

    get_template_directory_uri() . '/js/navigation.js', 

Then, wrap your code in a self invoking function:

    // You have access to $ here

Or even better, define the $:

var $ = jQuery.noConflict();

$('body').click(function() {


  • I can't tell you how many times I've added jQuery to the header cause I couldn't figure out why it wouldn't work without it when it was supposed to be included already. Enqueing with navigation ... brilliant! – Keryn Gill Jun 8 '18 at 1:44

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