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I have setup my first AWS EC2 account and installed nginx. The root is /usr/share/nginx/html. I have installed WordPress as a sub-folder called cooking under root. the site address is http://54.226.50.133/cooking.

As long as I have permalink setup as Plain, pages are coming up ok, but when I update permalink structure to use Post Name, I get 404 error.

http://54.226.50.133/cooking/?p=1 - runs OK http://54.226.50.133/cooking/hello-world/ - gives 404

Location of WordPress installation (cooking): /usr/share/nginx/html/cooking
Location of .htaccess file: /usr/share/nginx/html/cooking/.htaccess
Content of .htaccess file:

# BEGIN WordPress
<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteEngine On
RewriteBase /
RewriteRule ^index\.php$ - [L]
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule . /index.php [L]
</IfModule>
# END WordPress

I am not sure but multisite might be a solution but I don't want to go this far right now, rather I want to keep it simple at the beginning. Basically I will need more sub-folders (different WP installations for different sites) like this under usr/share/nginx/html folder for demonstration purpose.

Please suggest me the right way to achieve this.

UPDATE
I have Permalink setting set to Post Name for the moment, so http://54.226.50.133/cooking/?p=1 will give 404 right now, which is OK. But http://54.226.50.133/cooking/hello-world/ still ends up with 404.

Screenshot
enter image description here

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  • htaccess files only work on Apache servers, they'll do nothing for nginx servers. You'll need to modify nginx configs instead
    – Tom J Nowell
    Aug 23, 2017 at 14:31
  • Yes, after some research I have come to know that nginx has no connection with .htaccess! I am trying to set things up for nginx. @Hasin Hyder is trying to help me out! Aug 23, 2017 at 14:39
  • proptip: steal the nginx configs from VVV, take special note of github.com/Varying-Vagrant-Vagrants/VVV/blob/develop/config/…
    – Tom J Nowell
    Aug 23, 2017 at 14:42

1 Answer 1

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It's happening because Nginx doesn't interpret rewrite rules like Apache via mod_rewrite. You need to change your nginx vhost config file (nginx site config file, i.e /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/your-site-config.conf file)

Add the following line inside server block

location / {
            try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$args; 
}

if the location / is already present, then remove the existing try_files directive and replace it with the following line

try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$args;

Now restart or reload Nginx and your problem will be gone. Here is a good article link regarding this https://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/how-to-configure-nginx-for-wordpress-permalinks/

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  • Thank you for your swift reply. the problem is I don't have the folder sites-enabled under /etc/nginx!! What should I do? :( Aug 23, 2017 at 14:16
  • ok what do you have there? Aug 23, 2017 at 14:18
  • Under /etc/nginx I have conf.d (folder), fastcgi_params, mime.types, scgi_params, win-utf, default.d (folder), fastcgi_params.default, mime.types.default, scgi_params.default, fastcgi.conf, koi-utf, nginx.conf, uwsgi_params, .conf.default, koi-win, nginx.conf.default, uwsgi_params.default. Under conf.d, two files: default.conf and virtual.conf. There is nothing under default.d folder. Aug 23, 2017 at 14:22
  • It's inside conf.d folder - look for the conf file that has a text line "server_name" which matches to your site address, change only that file Aug 23, 2017 at 14:27
  • Adding server name 54.226.50.133 or 54.226.50.133/cooking gives "No input file specified." when I am running 54.226.50.133/cooking. I added a screenshot in original post. Aug 23, 2017 at 14:35

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