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I'm using WP Sync DB plugin for migrating sites between dev, stage and live. Recently i ran in this problem: while creating a new instance on my local dev, WordPress created all tables with utf8mb4_unicode_ci. This leads to problems getting the data migrated. Also live servers often don't support utf8mb4 at all.

I already set define('DB_COLLATE', 'utf8_general_ci'); but WordPress ignoredt it on creation.

Any ideas?

  • not having support for utf8mb4 is an inexcusable security problem. No production setting should have any excuse for not running with it. Your question amounts to "how can I keep my sites not being secure?" :( – Mark Kaplun Feb 6 '17 at 10:01
  • the best constructive criticism is packed in a sandwich of sarcasm. Nonetheless thanks for this important hint. I will try to get updated live systems now. – bitstarr Feb 6 '17 at 14:10
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You can filter every database query with the hook query, for example like this:

add_filter( 'query', function ( $query ) {
    return str_replace( 'utf8mb4_unicode_ci', 'utf8_unicode_ci', $query );
});

However, I would strongly recommend not to do this. Update your databases instead. The old utf8_* collations have very annoying limitations, and you will run into plugin compatibility problems with them.

And whatever you do, don't use the general variations. They cannot sort properly.

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