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In English

Hello, I'm developing a widget that changes the contents (of the field), depending on options selected.

If you change the setting I need to force update the widget.

The customizer enabled auto-updating, but it does not work in this case (when changing the content of the widget), but simply shows "apply" button.

It turns out the widget is updated after 2 updates.

The question is how to update the widget customizer (restart its widget contents)?

На Русском Здравствуйте, я разрабатываю виджет который изменяет свое содержимое(поля) в зависимости от выбранных параметров. При смене параметра мне нужно принудительно обновлять виджет. В кастомайзере включено автообновление, но оно не срабатывает в данном случае(когда меняется контент виджета), а вросто появляется кнопка "применить". Получается виджет обновляется после 2х обновлений. Вопрос, как обновить виджет в кастомайзере(перезагрузить его содержимое)?

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Widgets in core presently do not make this easy. Please read Live Widget Previews: Widget Management in the Customizer in WordPress 3.9, and in particular the section “No more Update button (usually)”:

Widget forms on the admin page have a familiar Save button. In previous versions of Widget Customizer, we adapted the Save button to be an Update button, since it wouldn’t actually save the widget but would just update the preview with the widget’s latest state. Having to click this Update button to see the preview update, however, was a poor user experience and was unnecessary. Therefore, we implemented a means of submitting the form to update the widget’s state in the preview whenever a field in the control is updated: the Update button was hidden and the spinner appears when a change is being synced to the preview.

The logic which does this live submission of the widget form as you interact with it, depends on the fields in the widget form to be the same fields which get returned when the widget form is sanitized. This is so that the fields can be aligned for being updated with their sanitized values. We couldn’t go the route of the widget forms on the widgets admin page, which actually get fully replaced with the newly-sanitized form, because this would interfere with the user quickly inputting into these fields.

So if a widget form dynamically adds or changes which input fields are included, the live-as-you-type-them updates will stop and the Update button will re-appear. When you click this button, the form will replace itself with the sanitized version just like on the widgets admin page. We also introduced new jQuery events to help handle these form changes…

So what you need to do is carefully make sure that PHP generates the same fields as are generated in JS dynamically to ensure that the inputs align when the update-widget Ajax request returns with the contents of the WP_Widget::form() output.

The way widgets are implemented in the customizer are not ideal, however this was done to maximize backwards-compatibility. For a fresh take on widgets to make them JavaScript-driven as opposed to PHP-driven, please see #33507 and also see the JS Widgets feature plugin which entirely avoids the problem you're facing since JS is used to manage the widget's form UI entirely.

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  • How can I check that the form fields widget that came through Ajax (action: update-widget) do not coincide with the current? What would be possible to perform the update again.
    – TrubinE
    Jan 21 '17 at 19:35
  • There's also a widget-synced event which is triggered when the current form fields in the DOM align with the form fields in the update-widget Ajax request. You can refer to the source to see the logic: github.com/WordPress/wordpress-develop/blob/4.7.1/src/wp-admin/… Jan 22 '17 at 0:00

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