You probably want
pmpro_getMembershipLevelsForUser from functions.php:
/* pmpro_getMembershipLevelsForUser() returns the membership levels for a user
* If $user_id is omitted, the value will be retrieved from $current_user.
* By default it only includes active memberships.
* Return values:
* Success returns an array of level objects.
* Failure returns false.
function pmpro_getMembershipLevelsForUser($user_id = NULL, $include_inactive = false)
pmpro_getMembershipLevelForUser if you only want the first level. Or if you actually want to test access then there's
As far as I can see these are all stored in separate tables with date ranges and other restrictions so there's no simple way to access them through normal WP user functions.
(And I expect there's documentation about all of these on their website here http://www.paidmembershipspro.com/documentation/ but it looks like you'll have to sign up.)