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I want to generate slug for some strings without going through WordPress slug generation flow. Therefore, I want to know which functions it calls to get a neat slug. I tried sanitize_title() but it leaves %c2 %a0 in result.

26

You are almost there. The function you need is sanitize_title_with_dashes( $title )

  • 1
    While this definitely appears correct, I'm a little unclear what sanitize_title_with_dashes seems to do differently to sanitize_title. sanitize_title is also adding dashes where whitespace is... – Tim Malone Jul 24 '15 at 2:31
  • 6
    If you check the WordPress Codex for sanitize_title_with_dashes( $title ), you will see the note 'it does not replace special accented characters' which means characters like èäç etc. will stay in place with this function. – JHoffmann Aug 26 '15 at 8:43
  • Please note that sanitize_title_with_dashes as well as sanitize_title leave some special characters that may break some systems. I you want a more universal approach in reducing strings take a look at sanitize_html_class – GDY Feb 27 at 15:01
2

sanitize_title() seems to be the only one you need.

In wp-includes/default-filters.php line 211 you will find:

add_filter( 'sanitize_title', 'sanitize_title_with_dashes', 10, 3);

This means that calling sanitize_title() will first remove all the special characters, then apply the sanitize_title filter, thus calling sanitize_title_with_dashes()

As @JHoffmann pointed out, simply calling sanitize_title_with_dashes() will not remove special characters.

  • This should be the correct answer – bysanchy Jul 23 '18 at 8:14
1

Well, there is already an answer, but I wanted to expand it a bit, so here are my findings:

If we have a look in wp_insert_post() we see, the $post_name is sanitized using wp_sanitize_title() ( see wp-includes/post.php)

In the function sanitize_title() we have a filter sanitize_title. This is interesting, since in the default filters sanitize_title_with_dashes() is hooked into this filter (see wp-includes/default-filters.php).

<?php
echo sanitize_title( 'Â+ÄÖßáèäç' ) // aaeoessaeaec
?>

I tried sanitize_title() but it leaves %c2 %a0 in result.

This sounds strange. It would be great to know the input value, but following wp_insert_post() sanitize_title() seems to be enough.

0

In addition to websupporter's great answer I found the below:

Depending on your usage it will depend what you need.

sanitize_title() as it says:

accents are removed (accented characters are replaced with non-accented equivalents)

...and sanitize_title_with_dashes says:

Note that it does not replace special accented characters

So, with this example string: Â+Ä Ö %%% ßá %20 oo %pp + -_^^#@!**()=[]|\/\'"<>?``~ èäç

sanitize_title() result:

aa-o-sa-%20-oo-pp-_-eac

As you can see it has replaced accented characters with their non-accented equivalents and it has removed all other non-alphanumeric characters apart from the % which is followed by a number, but you will see it was removed when it was followed by a letter; perhaps this is because it perceives it as already encoded. This is enforced when you try inserting %c3 into your string, it doesn't strip it as %c3 is a valid encoding sequence.

sanitize_title_with_dashes result:

%c3%a2%c3%a4-%c3%b6-%c3%9f%c3%a1-%20-oo-pp-_-%c3%a8%c3%a4%c3%a7

So as you can see it hasn't removed the accented characters, but encoded them.

Now let's look at a string with no accented characters to see how they both behave...

Example String: %%% building %20 oo %pp + -_^^#@!**()=[]|\/\'"<>?``~'

sanitize_title() result:

building-%20-oo-pp-_

sanitize_title_with_dashes result:

building-%20-oo-pp-_

So as you can see they are exactly the same. So it appears the only difference in them is that one encodes accented charters whilst the other replaces them.

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