1

Ok so I have a custom post type of "Products" and a custom taxonomy of "Types". Now in the types taxonomy I have dozens of categories and sub categories assigned to custom post types.

Custom Post Type Item: Blue Car

Categories assigned to car: Honda > Accord > LX

So what I am trying to achieve is when I go to a specific custom post types single.php like "Blue Car" I want to see all of the cateogies assigned to "Blue Car" listed as so:

Categories: Honda, Accord, LX

I have tried using get_terms_by get_terms and wp_list_categories but it doesn't seem to be working out or im not using some of them correctly. Heres what I have feel free to let me know if there is a better way or another way to do this:

<ul>
<?php

//get the current term
$current_term = get_term_by( 'slug', get_query_var( 'term' ), get_query_var( 'taxonomy' ) );

//set the args for wp_list_categories
 $args = array(
  'child_of' => $current_term->term_id,
  'taxonomy' => 'types',
  'hide_empty' => 1,
  'order'      => 'ASC',
  'show_count'     => 1,
  'hierarchical' => true,
  'depth'  => 1,
  'title_li' => ''
    );
 wp_list_categories( $args );
?>
</ul>
3

SIDENOTE: This function can be used even if have posts belongs to one taxonomy only. You don't need to have a post that belongs to two or more taxonomies within the same hierarchy. I have made this function very flexible

It is always a problem for me to display a category list or term list for a post if the following conditions occur

  • Having a post having terms that belongs to two different taxonomies

  • Using one template to display posts, and you have posts that have terms belonging to more that one taxonomy

You come to a situation where you need to duplicate functions, one for each taxonomy. For instance, a post belongs to terms in two taxonomies, mytax1 and mytax2. To display the term list, you have to do

echo get_the_term_list( $post->ID, 'mytax1' );
echo get_the_term_list( $post->ID, 'mytax2' );

This become a mess when the next post belongs to the default taxonomy category

I went and wrote a function that combines all in one, one function to display all terms of all taxonomies belonging to a post, and this function can be used to display any taxonomy of the build in taxonomies (except post_format)

Here is how the function works:

1.) This function makes use of get_the_term_list() to display the term list, so this function uses the same functionality as get_the_term_list()

2.) Must be used inside the loop. This function will not work outside the loop

3.) The post ID and taxonomy name are passed by default to the get_the_term_list() function

4.) Here is the list of the arguments

before (string)(optional) Leading text

Default: empty string

sep (string)(optional) String to separate tags

Default: empty string

after (string)(optional) Trailing text

Default: empty string

display_tax_name (bool)(optional) Should the taxonomy name be displayed in front of the list.

Default: false

taxonomy_sep (string)(optional) Text used to separate the taxonomy name from the term list

Default: '&colon; &nbsp; &nbsp;'

multi_tax_sep (string)(optional) If the post have terms that belongs to more than one taxonomy, the text used to separate the two or more term lists

Default: </br>

hierarchical (bool)(optional) Should the list display hierarchical taxonomies (like categories ) or non-hierarchical taxonomies (like post tags)

Default: true

5.) The arguments can be passed as an array or as a string to the function

6.) Needs PHP 5.4+

This will work (string)

'display_tax_name=' . true .'&hierarchical=' . false . '&taxonomy_sep=' . html_entity_decode( '&raquo;&nbsp;&nbsp;' )

And this will work

$args = [
    'display_tax_name' => true,
    'hierarchical' => false,
    'taxonomy_sep' => html_entity_decode( '&raquo;&nbsp;&nbsp;' ) 
] 

The function

function get_taxonomies_terms_links( $args = '' ){
    global $post;

    $defaults = [
        'before'            => '', 
        'sep'               => '', 
        'after'             => '',
        'display_tax_name'  => false,
        'taxonomy_sep'      => '&colon; &nbsp; &nbsp;',
        'multi_tax_sep'     => '</br>',
        'hierarchical'      => true
    ];
    $args = wp_parse_args( $args, $defaults );

    $post_type = $post->post_type;
    $taxonomies = get_object_taxonomies( $post_type, 'objects' );

    $returned_list = [];
    foreach ( $taxonomies as $taxonomy_slug => $taxonomy ){
        if( $args['hierarchical'] == $taxonomy->hierarchical && has_term( '', $taxonomy_slug ) && 'post_format' != $taxonomy_slug ) {
            $term_list = get_the_term_list( $post->ID, $taxonomy_slug, $args['before'], $args['sep'], $args['after'] );

            if( true == $args['display_tax_name'] ){
                $returned_list[] = strtoupper($taxonomy_slug) . $args['taxonomy_sep'] . $term_list;
            }else{
                $returned_list[] = $term_list;
            }
        }
    }

    if( $returned_list ) {  
        $count =  count($returned_list); 
        if( 1 === $count ) {
            return implode( '', $returned_list );
        }else{
            $multi_list = [];
            foreach ( $returned_list as $key=>$value ) {
                if (array_key_exists($key + 1, $returned_list)) {
                    $multi_list[] = $value . $args['multi_tax_sep'];
                }else{
                    $multi_list[] = $value;
                }
            }
            return implode( '', $multi_list );
        }
    }
}

Example of use in a template to display the term list. You can either make use of the normal reading characters or HTML entities in conjunction with html_entity_decode() and the character chart

Arguments as string

<span class="cat-links">
    <?php echo get_taxonomies_terms_links('sep=, &display_tax_name=' . true .'&taxonomy_sep=' . html_entity_decode( '&raquo;&nbsp;&nbsp;' ) ); ?>
</span>

Arguments as an array

<span class="cat-links">
    <?php 
        echo get_taxonomies_terms_links(
            [
            'sep'               => ', ',
            'display_tax_name'  => true,
            'taxonomy_sep'      => html_entity_decode( '&raquo;&nbsp;&nbsp;' ) 
            ],
        );
    ?>
</span>
  • wow someone give this man a medal – Lucas Santos Nov 12 '14 at 0:51
  • I used <?php echo get_the_term_list( $post->ID, 'types', ' ', ', ', ' ' ); ?> and it worked great because I only need to list for one taxonomy, but GREAT function above incase I ever want to display a posts list of both taxonomy categories it has. Thank you! – Lucas Santos Nov 12 '14 at 0:54
  • Glad it worked out for you. Enjoy :-) – Pieter Goosen Nov 12 '14 at 4:15
  • hey @PerterGoosen im curious about this function I want to ask you something over chat. – Lucas Santos Nov 13 '14 at 8:40
  • I cant seem to figure out how to start a chat, by any chance can you start one? @PieterGoosen – Lucas Santos Nov 13 '14 at 8:47
0

The functions you have tried are for terms by themselves, just existing in site.

What you are looking for is get_the_terms(), which retrieves terms of specific taxonomy, assigned to specific post.

  • hmm so if it's get_the_terms( $post, $taxonomy ); how can I specify the $post. Can you possibly give an example. My taxonomy is Types. – Lucas Santos Nov 12 '14 at 0:45

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