I wrote a plugin which fires an apple push notification to IOS devices.

When I fire it manually via the root directory, it works perfectly. The catch, when I move it to plugin folder and run it as a plugin using:

add_action( 'publish_post', 'post_published' ,10,2);

it returns a ssl error from apple servers.

Nothing was changed in the code (except for include ('wp-config.php')) which is not needed as a plugin.

This is the error:

Warning: stream_socket_client() [function.stream-socket-client]: SSL operation failed with code 1. OpenSSL Error messages: error:14094410:SSL routines:SSL3_READ_BYTES:sslv3 alert handshake failure in /nas/wp/www/staging/geektimecoil/wp-content/plugins/wp-mes-push-to-apple/wp-mes-push-to-apple.php on line 131

Warning: stream_socket_client() [function.stream-socket-client]: Failed to enable crypto in /nas/wp/www/staging/geektimecoil/wp-content/plugins/wp-mes-push-to-apple/wp-mes-push-to-apple.php on line 131

Warning: stream_socket_client() [function.stream-socket-client]: unable to connect to ssl://gateway.sandbox.push.apple.com:2195 (Unknown error) in /nas/wp/www/staging/geektimecoil/wp-content/plugins/wp-mes-push-to-apple/wp-mes-push-to-apple.php on line 131 Error: 0

This is the code as it is in the plugin:

function post_published($ID, $post ) {

    // $url = "http://geektimecoil.staging.wpengine.com/googlePush.php"; global $wpdb; 
    // $post = get_post(211051);

    $categories = get_the_category($post->ID );
        $cond = array();
        $cats = array();
        foreach($categories as $category) {     
            $cats[] = $category->slug;
            switch ($category->slug) {
                case "startup":
                    $cond[] = "startup";
                case "development":
                    $cond[] = "dev";
                case "gadgets":
                    $cond[] = "mobile";
                case "internet":
                    $cond[] = "internet";
                case "hi-tech":
                    $cond[] = "hightech";
                case "%d7%a1%d7%a7%d7%99%d7%a8%d7%95%d7%aa": // hebrew skirot
                    $cond[] = "reviews";
                case "science":
                    $cond[] = "science";

        $condition = "( (".$cond[0]."=1)";
        for ($i=1; $i<=(count($cond)-1) ; $i++) { 
            $condition .= "or(".$cond[$i]."=1)";
        $condition .= " )";

    $sql="SELECT token FROM wp_mobile where device=1 AND ".$condition;
    $users = $wpdb->get_results($sql);


        $passphrase = '***';

        $ctx = stream_context_create();
        stream_context_set_option($ctx, 'ssl', 'passphrase', $passphrase);
        stream_context_set_option($ctx, 'ssl', 'local_cert','/push/geek_dev.pem');
        // stream_context_set_option($ctx, 'ssl', 'local_cert','/push/geek_prod.pem');
        stream_context_set_option($ctx, 'ssl', 'cafile', '/push/ios_entrust.pem');

        # Open a connection to the APNS server
        $fp = stream_socket_client(//'ssl://gateway.push.apple.com:2195', $err,
                                   'ssl://gateway.sandbox.push.apple.com:2195', $err,
                                   $errstr, 60, STREAM_CLIENT_CONNECT|STREAM_CLIENT_PERSISTENT, $ctx);

        if (!$fp){
            echo "Error: ".$err;

        $post_url = str_replace('www','m',get_permalink( $post->ID));
        $body["aps"] = array(
                             "alert" => "message", //title
                             "sound" => "default",
                             "badge" => "0",
                             "url" => $post_url,

        $payload = json_encode($body);

        $msg = chr(1)                           // command (1 byte)
        . pack('N', 'notification')             // identifier (4 bytes)
        . pack('N', time() + 86400)             // expire after 1 day (4 bytes)
        . pack('n', 32)                         // token length (2 bytes)
        . pack('H*', 'db8***b414004ccb9a***2a54d9de06')   
        . pack('n', strlen($payload))           // payload length (2 bytes)
        . $payload;                             // the JSON payload

        // Send it to the server
        $result = fwrite($fp, $msg, strlen($msg));
        //echo "\n$result";

        //set blocking

        //Wait to response


        return $print;

add_action( 'publish_post', 'post_published' ,10,2); ?>

As I mentioned before, without the add_action and not as plugin, this exact same code is working.

  • So to be clear the code does work on same server and account, just not in WP context?
    – Rarst
    Aug 18, 2014 at 16:54
  • @Rarst, correct.
    – Meschiany
    Aug 19, 2014 at 5:34

1 Answer 1


OMG, finally, as the code runs from the plugin, the current working directory is set to wp-admin whereas when i run it manually it set for /wp-content/plugins...

So, when the push function is called, just add the following line of code:

chdir(ABSPATH . 'wp-content/plugins/*your plugins folder name*/');

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