Building the navigation is pretty straight forward. You have a few possibilities afterwards, I'd suggest you build one page template and use a
GET-parameter to sort it out.
using a GET variable
Your Links in the navigation would be like:
In the page template you make a simple query in the
$yourposts = $wpdb->get_results(
SELECT * FROM $wpdb->posts
WHERE post_title LIKE %s
AND post_type = 'yourposttype'
$_GET['letter'] . '%'
You can just loop through the Array that is returned here.
using a custom post type
You could also create a Custom post type
alphabet or something like that. Create each Post in this CPT with the Letters of the alphabet ('a', 'b', ...)
This results in URLs like
http://www.example.com/alphabet/a, and it is also really easy to build the alphabetical navigation with it.
single-alphabet.php you use the code above, but replace the
Of course, you can also achieve this using metadata, but the solution using a custom post type is quite elegant, as you get your URL structure delivered nicely without any effort.
using a taxonomy
last, this is another way to go, but not really practical as you always have to assign your the taxonomy according to the title (post 'banana' has to get the taxonomy 'b').
Depending on what you try to achieve, I'd go with the version of the custom post type.