4 Fixed incorrect parameter type for post_type_link filter
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First, register your taxonomy and set the slug argument of rewrite to shows:

register_taxonomy(
    'show_category',
    'show',
    array(
        'rewrite' => array( 'slug' => 'shows', 'with_front' => false ),
        // your other args...
    )
);

Next, register your post type and set the slug to shows/%show_category%, and set has_archive argument to shows:

register_post_type(
    'show',
    array(
        'rewrite' => array( 'slug' => 'shows/%show_category%', 'with_front' => false ),
        'has_archive' => 'shows',
        // your other args...
    )
);

Last, add a filter to post_type_link to substitute the show category in individual show permalinks:

function wpa_show_permalinks( $post_link, $id = 0 ){
    $post = get_post($id);{
    if ( is_object( $post ) && $post->post_type == 'show' ){
        $terms = wp_get_object_terms( $post->ID, 'show_category' );
        if( $terms ){
            return str_replace( '%show_category%' , $terms[0]->slug , $post_link );
        }
    }
    return $post_link;
}
add_filter( 'post_type_link', 'wpa_show_permalinks', 1, 2 );

EDIT

Forgot the has_archive argument of register_post_type above, that should be set to shows.

First, register your taxonomy and set the slug argument of rewrite to shows:

register_taxonomy(
    'show_category',
    'show',
    array(
        'rewrite' => array( 'slug' => 'shows', 'with_front' => false ),
        // your other args...
    )
);

Next, register your post type and set the slug to shows/%show_category%, and set has_archive argument to shows:

register_post_type(
    'show',
    array(
        'rewrite' => array( 'slug' => 'shows/%show_category%', 'with_front' => false ),
        'has_archive' => 'shows',
        // your other args...
    )
);

Last, add a filter to post_type_link to substitute the show category in individual show permalinks:

function wpa_show_permalinks( $post_link, $id = 0 ){
    $post = get_post($id);
    if ( is_object( $post ) && $post->post_type == 'show' ){
        $terms = wp_get_object_terms( $post->ID, 'show_category' );
        if( $terms ){
            return str_replace( '%show_category%' , $terms[0]->slug , $post_link );
        }
    }
    return $post_link;
}
add_filter( 'post_type_link', 'wpa_show_permalinks', 1, 2 );

EDIT

Forgot the has_archive argument of register_post_type above, that should be set to shows.

First, register your taxonomy and set the slug argument of rewrite to shows:

register_taxonomy(
    'show_category',
    'show',
    array(
        'rewrite' => array( 'slug' => 'shows', 'with_front' => false ),
        // your other args...
    )
);

Next, register your post type and set the slug to shows/%show_category%, and set has_archive argument to shows:

register_post_type(
    'show',
    array(
        'rewrite' => array( 'slug' => 'shows/%show_category%', 'with_front' => false ),
        'has_archive' => 'shows',
        // your other args...
    )
);

Last, add a filter to post_type_link to substitute the show category in individual show permalinks:

function wpa_show_permalinks( $post_link, $post ){
    if ( is_object( $post ) && $post->post_type == 'show' ){
        $terms = wp_get_object_terms( $post->ID, 'show_category' );
        if( $terms ){
            return str_replace( '%show_category%' , $terms[0]->slug , $post_link );
        }
    }
    return $post_link;
}
add_filter( 'post_type_link', 'wpa_show_permalinks', 1, 2 );

EDIT

Forgot the has_archive argument of register_post_type above, that should be set to shows.

3 added 'with_front' to rewrite argument
source | link

First, register your taxonomy and set the slug argument of rewrite to shows:

register_taxonomy(
    'show_category',
    'show',
    array(
        'rewrite' => array( 'slug' => 'shows', 'with_front' => false ),
        // your other args...
    )
);

Next, register your post type and set the slug to shows/%show_category%, and set has_archive argument to shows:

register_post_type(
    'show',
    array(
        'rewrite' => array( 'slug' => 'shows/%show_category%', 'with_front' => false ),
        'has_archive' => 'shows',
        // your other args...
    )
);

Last, add a filter to post_type_link to substitute the show category in individual show permalinks:

function wpa_show_permalinks( $post_link, $id = 0 ){
    $post = get_post($id);
    if ( is_object( $post ) && $post->post_type == 'show' ){
        $terms = wp_get_object_terms( $post->ID, 'show_category' );
        if( $terms ){
            return str_replace( '%show_category%' , $terms[0]->slug , $post_link );
        }
    }
    return $post_link;
}
add_filter( 'post_type_link', 'wpa_show_permalinks', 1, 2 );

EDIT

Forgot the has_archive argument of register_post_type above, that should be set to shows.

First, register your taxonomy and set the slug argument of rewrite to shows:

register_taxonomy(
    'show_category',
    'show',
    array(
        'rewrite' => array( 'slug' => 'shows' ),
        // your other args...
    )
);

Next, register your post type and set the slug to shows/%show_category%, and set has_archive argument to shows:

register_post_type(
    'show',
    array(
        'rewrite' => array( 'slug' => 'shows/%show_category%' ),
        'has_archive' => 'shows',
        // your other args...
    )
);

Last, add a filter to post_type_link to substitute the show category in individual show permalinks:

function wpa_show_permalinks( $post_link, $id = 0 ){
    $post = get_post($id);
    if ( is_object( $post ) && $post->post_type == 'show' ){
        $terms = wp_get_object_terms( $post->ID, 'show_category' );
        if( $terms ){
            return str_replace( '%show_category%' , $terms[0]->slug , $post_link );
        }
    }
    return $post_link;
}
add_filter( 'post_type_link', 'wpa_show_permalinks', 1, 2 );

EDIT

Forgot the has_archive argument of register_post_type above, that should be set to shows.

First, register your taxonomy and set the slug argument of rewrite to shows:

register_taxonomy(
    'show_category',
    'show',
    array(
        'rewrite' => array( 'slug' => 'shows', 'with_front' => false ),
        // your other args...
    )
);

Next, register your post type and set the slug to shows/%show_category%, and set has_archive argument to shows:

register_post_type(
    'show',
    array(
        'rewrite' => array( 'slug' => 'shows/%show_category%', 'with_front' => false ),
        'has_archive' => 'shows',
        // your other args...
    )
);

Last, add a filter to post_type_link to substitute the show category in individual show permalinks:

function wpa_show_permalinks( $post_link, $id = 0 ){
    $post = get_post($id);
    if ( is_object( $post ) && $post->post_type == 'show' ){
        $terms = wp_get_object_terms( $post->ID, 'show_category' );
        if( $terms ){
            return str_replace( '%show_category%' , $terms[0]->slug , $post_link );
        }
    }
    return $post_link;
}
add_filter( 'post_type_link', 'wpa_show_permalinks', 1, 2 );

EDIT

Forgot the has_archive argument of register_post_type above, that should be set to shows.

2 added 190 characters in body
source | link

First, register your taxonomy and set the slug argument of rewrite to shows:

register_taxonomy(
    'show_category',
    'show',
    array(
        'rewrite' => array( 'slug' => 'shows' ),
        // your other args...
    )
);

Next, register your post type and set the slug to shows/%show_category%, and set has_archive argument to shows:

register_post_type(
    'show',
    array(
        'rewrite' => array( 'slug' => 'shows/%show_category%' ),
        'has_archive' => 'shows',
        // your other args...
    )
);

Last, add a filter to post_type_link to substitute the show category in individual show permalinks:

function wpa_show_permalinks( $post_link, $id = 0 ){
    $post = get_post($id);
    if ( is_object( $post ) && $post->post_type == 'show' ){
        $terms = wp_get_object_terms( $post->ID, 'show_category' );
        if( $terms ){
            return str_replace( '%show_category%' , $terms[0]->slug , $post_link );
        }
    }
    return $post_link;
}
add_filter( 'post_type_link', 'wpa_show_permalinks', 1, 2 );

EDIT

Forgot the has_archive argument of register_post_type above, that should be set to shows.

First, register your taxonomy and set the slug argument of rewrite to shows:

register_taxonomy(
    'show_category',
    'show',
    array(
        'rewrite' => array( 'slug' => 'shows' ),
        // your other args...
    )
);

Next, register your post type and set the slug to shows/%show_category%:

register_post_type(
    'show',
    array(
        'rewrite' => array( 'slug' => 'shows/%show_category%' ),
        // your other args...
    )
);

Last, add a filter to post_type_link to substitute the show category in individual show permalinks:

function wpa_show_permalinks( $post_link, $id = 0 ){
    $post = get_post($id);
    if ( is_object( $post ) && $post->post_type == 'show' ){
        $terms = wp_get_object_terms( $post->ID, 'show_category' );
        if( $terms ){
            return str_replace( '%show_category%' , $terms[0]->slug , $post_link );
        }
    }
    return $post_link;
}
add_filter( 'post_type_link', 'wpa_show_permalinks', 1, 2 );

First, register your taxonomy and set the slug argument of rewrite to shows:

register_taxonomy(
    'show_category',
    'show',
    array(
        'rewrite' => array( 'slug' => 'shows' ),
        // your other args...
    )
);

Next, register your post type and set the slug to shows/%show_category%, and set has_archive argument to shows:

register_post_type(
    'show',
    array(
        'rewrite' => array( 'slug' => 'shows/%show_category%' ),
        'has_archive' => 'shows',
        // your other args...
    )
);

Last, add a filter to post_type_link to substitute the show category in individual show permalinks:

function wpa_show_permalinks( $post_link, $id = 0 ){
    $post = get_post($id);
    if ( is_object( $post ) && $post->post_type == 'show' ){
        $terms = wp_get_object_terms( $post->ID, 'show_category' );
        if( $terms ){
            return str_replace( '%show_category%' , $terms[0]->slug , $post_link );
        }
    }
    return $post_link;
}
add_filter( 'post_type_link', 'wpa_show_permalinks', 1, 2 );

EDIT

Forgot the has_archive argument of register_post_type above, that should be set to shows.

1
source | link