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I actually have a custom date registered in UNIX Time in my database like this:

meta_key : custom_date meta_value : 1322697600

and the type of the meta key is a longtext

I would like to retrieve specific post according to the year of this custom_date

I would like something like this :

$args = array(
    'paged' => $paged,
    'posts_per_page' => 10,
    'post_type' => 'custom',
    'post_status' => 'publish',
    'meta_query' => array(
                'value'=> '2010'

Anyone knows how to convert the custom date in Date in the query and get only the year of this date?

share|improve this question
up vote 1 down vote accepted

PHP has a built-in date() function that formats Date-objects. In your case, you would use it as follows:

echo date('Y', 1322697600);

Since you're using these query arguments to build up an array of posts, and you want to filter specifically on that, I'd recommend building a function that triggers the loop based on your desired year filter.

I have used a similar function like this one below before:

function check_post_date($filter_year) {

    // Load the custom_date meta field
    $custom_date = get_post_meta( get_the_ID(), 'custom_date', true );

    // Turn it into a string that only displays the year
    $custom_date_year = date('Y', $custom_date);

    // If the years equal, return true.
    if( $custom_date_year == $filter_year ) {
         return true;           
    } else {
        return false;

With this, you can manipulate if the loop runs for this post.

For instance, if you want to filter on the year 2010, you can write your loop like this:

<?php if (have_posts()) : while (have_posts()) : the_post(); ?>

    <?php if check_post_date('2010') : ?>

       <!-- Your single post code goes here! -->

    <?php endif; ?>

<?php endwhile; endif; ?>
share|improve this answer
And if I want to sort my query by custom date? I actually tried to find a solution to convert the date directly in the args array. Is it possible? – kschaeffler Aug 31 '12 at 9:29
You can still sort your post by custom date. For your specific question, you can use the orderby => meta_value in your $args. This will sort on your custom meta key. From the WordPress documentation for WP Query: Note that a meta_key=keyname must also be present in the query. – Mark Lindhout Aug 31 '12 at 16:53
I actually also have another meta_key called country – kschaeffler Sep 1 '12 at 17:38
So I used meta_query = array( array( 'key'=> 'country', 'value'=> $country_selected ) ); but how to sort query using orderby while choosing your meta_key. – kschaeffler Sep 1 '12 at 17:47
Then you should replace the 'country' part with a variable, just like you did with the 'value'. – Mark Lindhout Sep 3 '12 at 8:11

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