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hi everyone please help me to understand the hook functions

wp_header() and wp_footer()

What does it mean hook functions and what to do

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up vote 1 down vote accepted

The Codex is a good place to start: wp_head and wp_footer

the wp_head() function call goes in the head section of your theme template, and simply does all of the actions hooked to it. If you look in /wp-includes/default-filters.php, you'll see all of the default actions that are called when this function is invoked.

You can also hook your own functions to do things or output data into the head of your theme. The same goes for wp_footer(), which is for outputting data or doing background actions that run just before the closing body tag.

You hook an action to a function by using add_action. Here's a simple example that would go in your theme's functions.php file, or a plugin. Say you need to ouput a conditional comment for the IE6 browser:

add_action('wp_head', 'your_function');
function your_function(){
?>
    <!--[if IE 6]>
    Special instructions for IE 6 here
    <![endif]-->
<?php
}

When wp_head() is called in the theme, your_function() is run, and the output will appear wherever that wp_head() call is.

You can also remove action hooks, using remove_action. For example, if you want to remove the feed links WordPress places in the head, you can remove that action:

remove_action('wp_head', 'feed_links', 2);

WordPress has many actions (see action reference) which are run at every stage of the execution of both a front-end as well as an admin request. This is basically the foundation upon which all plugins and many theme features function.

Have a read through the Plugin API for more info.

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