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What are the best practices for using post_id? Can I use this safely in my templates to call specific posts, or will these post_id's ever change?

The reason I ask is that randomly today the post_id's changed on my site, and I'm wondering what could have caused it. It didn't mess up any of the permalinks (thankfully!) but I did have to go switch some custom queries which were calling content specifically by the post_id (specifically in some custom_post_types I've created)

So... should I use a different query to get a specific post? The query I'm using looks like this.

<?php query_posts('post_type=home_feature&p=36')?>

Just earlier today, post_id for this post was 139 and my query was:

<?php query_posts('post_type=home_feature&p=139')?>

Obviously, when the post_id changed, my query (and subsequently the custom home feature) broke. I'm just not sure what could have caused this change.. and if that means I shouldn't be using the post_id in custom queries.. Thoughts?

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I don't think a post id can ever change. Its the primary key id from the posts table. So something must have been changed in your db if your post_ids got changed. That said.. its still not a good idea to use the hardcoded post_ids. –  Hameedullah Khan Jun 30 '11 at 5:10
    
how would you reference specific pages in the hard coding (if not using post_ids)? –  timshutes Jul 1 '11 at 14:03
    
If its a single post, then you can use the meta key. If you need to reference multiple posts, you can use the categories. –  Hameedullah Khan Jul 1 '11 at 16:31
    
Can you give me an example of this query? that would be a preferable query in this case, since the post ID seems to be changing... –  timshutes Oct 2 '11 at 4:15

3 Answers 3

up vote 0 down vote accepted

Post ID's do not change. The reason behind this is the ID column in MYSQL is the primary key for the table. It is auto incremented when a new row is added. It is improbable that a post ID would change programatically unless someone is doing something rogue in the database.

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It actually just happened again on this site. There is no other evidence of problems in the DB, but the custom query broke again for no apparent reason. I checked, and sure enough - the about page went from p=2 to p=36. I triple checked with my client, and no one deleted / resaved, or anything at all that should cause this change in the DB. any thoughts at all? –  timshutes Oct 2 '11 at 4:13
    
could a plugin cause this possibly? It seems to happen when I add a sidebar... I'm at a loss –  timshutes Oct 2 '11 at 4:15
    
How is the custom query being made? If it's using query_posts that might be the issue. Can you show me in your question what the query looks like? –  Brian Fegter Oct 2 '11 at 20:35
    
I'm marking this as the answer. Indeed - they are not supposed to change. We figured out this was happening when new sidebars were created.. something fishy in the functions.php code. Sorry for the lengthy wait - I thought I already marked this answer. Appreciate the help –  timshutes Feb 6 '12 at 22:27

Why not just do <?php query_posts( 'p=36' )?> There shouldn't be a need to specify the post type as post ID's are supposed to be unique.

Or perhaps you could target the post by Title and get the ID from that:

$page = get_page_by_title('Title of Post','post');
query_posts( 'p=' . $page->ID );
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I would recommend you a different way to go, for sample, instead of the id, just go with the page's name, or create a meta data (custom field) with a check mark and call it.

For sure you will be safe that it breaks in the future!

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