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When looking in WP hooks' code, I often see hooks that call themselves.

For example, this snippet from image_downsize():

function image_downsize($id, $size = 'medium') {

    if ( !wp_attachment_is_image($id) )
       return false;

    if ( $out = apply_filters( 'image_downsize', false, $id, $size ) ) {
       return $out;

Why doesn't this cause recursion?


share|improve this question


apply_filters( 'image_downsize', false, $id, $size )

doesn't call the image_downsize function, it applies any filters hooked to the image_downsize tag, which would be a different function.

The only way that would cause recursion is if the filter you hook in turn called that function:

add_filter( 'image_downsize', 'wpd_downsize', 20, 3 );
function wpd_downsize( $return, $id, $size ){
    // collapse the universe
    return image_downsize( $id, $size );
share|improve this answer
Ah! I see. Thank you! – Chris Howard Jun 26 '14 at 10:55

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